Mo Ibrahim on Monday released a pretty insightful report into African governance, ranking various governments in countries across Africa according to four components: safety and rule of law, participation and human rights, sustainable economic opportunity, and human development.
Based on those components, some countries rose to the top of the rankings in 2015 and others fell to the bottom. One issue that was, however, shown to be an almost across-board problem was that of safety. Almost two-thirds of Africans lived in a country where safety was declining in 2015.
That trend had repercussions for the economic, political and social progress of the various African countries. Two-thirds of the countries on the continent, representing 67% of the African population, also showed deterioration in freedom of expression measures in the last decade.
The Mo Ibrahim report tracked the improvement of African governance over a period of 10 years and Ivory Coast under the leadership of their current President, Alassane Outarra, fared the best. Libya was at the bottom of that ranking, unsurprisingly.
In a ranking specific to African governance in 2015, however, Mauritius fared the best. In fact, the top five countries ranked for governance in 2015; Mauritius, Botswana, Cape Verde, Seychelles and Namibia, all have small populations, totaling just over five million altogether.
Highest ranked African countries for governance in 2015;
- Mauritius – 79.9
- Botswana – 73.7
- Cape Verde – 73
- Seychelles – 72.6
- Namibia – 69.8
- South Africa – 69.4
- Tunisia – 65.4
- Ghana – 63.9
- Rwanda – 62.3
- Senegal – 60.8
The worst performers in overall governance in 2015 include oil exporters including Angola and Equatorial Guinea, who failed to diversify their economies. Or countries which have not changed their heads of state in the last decade like the Democratic Republic of Congo and Eritrea.
Lowest ranked African countries for governance in 2015;
- Angola – 39.2
- DRC – 35.8
- Equatorial Guinea – 35.4
- Chad – 34.8
- Sudan – 30.4
- Eritrea – 30.4
- Libya – 29
- Central African Republic – 25.7
- South Sudan – 18.6
- Somalia – 10.6
For the governments that ranked lowest, an improvement in accountability, national security, and personal safety would go a long way in improving the ranking of the government.