List of French Speaking African Countries

Map of Africa

Africa was mostly colonized by Britain, France and Portugal during the scramble for Africa and after a prolonged stay in the continent, the colonized nations adopted the colonizers language as the official language hence there a lot of French speaking African countries. It is necessary to note that there is proportional distribution of those who can speak English, French and Portuguese in accordance with the number and population of territories colonized by these nations. There are also French speaking African countries where French is not the primary or official language and some of these countries have joined the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie since membership to this organization does not imply or solely dependent the fact that the member states have to adopt French as the official or primary language of communication.

List of French Speaking Countries in Africa

1. Algeria 2. Benin 3. Burkina Faso 4. Burundi 5. Cameroon 6. Central African Republic 7. Chad 8. Comoros 9. Congo Brazzaville 10. Congo kinshasa 11. Côte d’Ivoire 12. Djibouti 13. Equatorial Guinea 14. Gabon 15. Guinea (konakry) 16. Madagascar 17. Mali 18. Mauritania 19. Mauritius 20. Morocco 21. Niger 22. Rwanda 23. Senegal 24. Seychelles 25. Togo 26. Tunisia

French Speaking African Countries and Percentage of People Who Can Speak French

Below is the list of French speaking countries in Africa where there is highest percentage of people who speak French:

  • Gabon: 80%
  • Mauritius: 72.7%
  • Côte d’Ivoire: 70%
  • Senegal: 70%
  • São Tomé and Príncipe: 65% (as a foreign language as the official language is Portuguese)
  • Tunisia: 63.6%
  • Guinea: 63.2%
  • Seychelles: 60%
  • Republic of the Congo: 60%
  • Equatorial Guinea: 60%

Note: Algeria was a former part of the bigger metropolitan France and as a matter of fact, the second largest French speaking African country with 57% of the population speaking French but has since refused to become recognized as a member of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie due to political tensions with France.

List of French Speaking Countries in Africa where French is recognized as the official language

Other official languages are also included in bracket

  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi (other official language:Kirundi)
  • Cameroon (other official language: English)
  • Cape Verde (Portuguese is the main language)
  • Central African Republic (other official language: Sango)
  • Chad (other official language:Arabic)
  • Comoros (other official languages: Shikomor and Arabic)
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Djibouti (other official language: Arabic)
  • Egypt
  • Equatorial Guinea (other official languages: Spanish and Portuguese)
  • Gabon
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau (Main language is Portuguese)
  • Madagascar
  • Mali
  • Mauritania (French is commonly used)
  • Mauritius (French is commonly used)
  • Morocco (French is commonly used)
  • Niger
  • Rwanda (Rwanda recently changed their official language to English but the older generation still speak French)
  • São Tomé and Príncipe (main language is Portuguese)
  • Senegal
  • Seychelles (other official languages: English and Creole)
  • Togo
  • Tunisia (French is commonly spoken)