According to the UN’s latest population estimates, it has been discovered that the following countries will be the most populated countries of the world by 2100. They are:
|S/N||COUNTRY||CURRENT POPULATION (in million)||ESTIMATED 2100 POP. (in million)|
Read on to get the full gist…
What would the world look like in 2100? While it’s actually impossible to know for sure, the United Nations Population Division has used its demographic data to make some astounding projections. They say that the global population will reach about 10 billion in the next 90 years, and also 11 billion by 2100, which is 700 million more than what was projected two years ago. In general, rich countries’ populations will get older and smaller while poor countries will do the opposite and grow to unprecedented levels. According to the UN,
The concentration of population growth in the poorest countries will make it harder for those governments to eradicate poverty and inequality, combat hunger and malnutrition, expand education enrollment and health systems, improve the provisions of basic services and implement other elements of a sustainable development agenda to ensure that no-one is left behind.”
Population explosion, alongside Climate change are among the most debated topics in the civilised world for some decades now. Human beings have been making various efforts to keep the population of several countries of the world at sustainable levels, but nature has defiantly outplayed them all, thus, leaving the world’s population in the upward direction.
Several factors are certainly responsible for this increased population growth. Growing advances in technology with each coming year has affected humanity in many ways. One of these has been the ability to save lives and create better medical treatment for all. A direct result of this has been increased lifespan and the growth of the population. In the past fifty or so years, the growth of population has boomed and has turned into overpopulation. Another major cause of the recent overpopulation being experienced in many countries is the direct effect of massive migration which is brought about by the hazards of conflict and climate change. However, there are some countries who’ll be the worst hit of this phenomena in some years to come. According to studies, here are the 10 countries of the world that’ll have the highest population, come 2100:
1. India – 1.66bn
India’s current population is at 1,252 million, with a fertility rate of approximately 6 children per woman. India has seen a dramatic boom in population which has ranked it as the second most populous country in the world (after China). Although it is predicted to surpass China by 2025, this study stipulates that the population growth will finally plateau around 2065.
2. China – 1.004bn
China has a current population of about 1,362 million. Looking at the 2100 estimated population of China, we discover that they will experience a decline in population growth. However, that will not remove them from the list of countries that will have the highest population by 2100. China is suffering from what people are referring to as “missing women”, a gender imbalance in total population whereby the number of males exceed those of women. To combat this imminent population shrinkage, China has lifted the one-child policy, and has recently passed a bill, allowing each couple to have two children.
3. Nigeria – 752m
Nigeria, the West African nation slightly larger than Texas, is on track to surpass the United States as the world’s third-most populous country by 2100. The size of its population may rival that of China by the end of the century unless populations trends change. The UN said Nigeria’s population could soar to at least 399 million people 35 years from now – that is more than double the current figure of about 182 million. If the population continues to grow at the same predicted patter, by 2100, Nigeria may be having over 700 million inhabitants.
4. US – 450m
Immigration to the U.S. is one of the biggest factor in the U.S’ predicted sustained population growth. In the United States, the population is projected to add 1.5 million people per year on average until the end of the century, pushing the current count of 322 million people to 450 million.
5. DR Congo – 389m
The Congo has an estimated 2014 population of 69.4 million, ranking it 19th in the world. Currently, the population has soared to 82 million.
6. Pakistan – 364m
Paskistan’s population is currently at about 199 million.
In 2011, Pakistan’s population figure was 197.4 million as compare to 134.7 million of census held in 1998. That mean there is increase of 62.7 million in twelve years. Pakistan’s population is increasing beyond the estimated population. Population has been increased by 20 million that is much more than had been forecasted in UN documents. Moreover, the largest metropolitan of Pakistan, Karachi, grew even faster. During 1998-2011, its population growth increased from 9.8 million to 21.2 million. According to report of UN on population statistics, no metropolitan in the rest of world has ever grown at this rate in a little period. The population rate in Karachi is at alarming point and by the end of 2030, Karachi could be the highest populous metropolitan of the world.
7. Indonesia – 314m
With a population totaling around 256 million individuals, Indonesia is the fourth largest country with regard to population size. According to projections by the United Nations (UN) with regard to the future absolute population, Indonesia is expected to have a population that exceeds 270 million by 2025, exceeds 285 million by 2035 and exceeds 290 million by 2045, and so on.
8. Tanzania – 299m
Tanzania, one of today’s poorest countries has a similar projected population growth. The subsaharan country which has a current population of about 52 million, may reach to hold the population almost the size of the United States. If these country’s remain as poor and trouble as today, resources will only get scarcer and instability will likely be a major issue.
9. Ethiopia – 243m
The current population of Ethiopia is approximately 100 million, which ranks 13th in the world, the most populous landlocked country in the continent of Africa, and the second-most populous country of Africa after Nigeria. With one of the highest poverty levels in the world, Ethiopia is considered by many to be one of the most under-developed nations in the world.
However, the predictions of the UN may not come to pass exactly as expected as Ethiopia has managed to slow its population growth significantly over the last 20 years, such that Addis Ababa is now one of the very few African cities where, on average, women have fewer than two children.
10. Niger – 209m
Niger’s population is counted by the Institute for National Statistics (INS), which compiles its own data through national surveys and censuses and by collaborating with UN agencies. It calculates the current rate of population growth to be 4.03% percent every year. If that growth continues, there will be over 100 million people living in Niger by 2050, compared to about 19.5 million today, the INS says. In 1960, Niger’s population was just 1.7 million.
Meanwhile, Niger is, by the reckoning of the UN’s Human Development Index, the poorest place on earth. Unfortunately, very little could be done to curb the imminent population explosion in Niger as just 5 percent of Nigeriens use family planning and contraception, according to INS.