Nigerian Tribes: List of Major Tribes in Nigeria

Advertisement

igbo-tribe-2

Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country and has one of the largest aggregation of ethnic groups in Africa. There are more than 300 Nigerian tribes and among the largest include Hausa- Fulani, Igbo, Yoruba, Ijaw, Kanuri, Annang, Tiv, Ibibio,  Etsako, and Efik. Other Nigerian tribes apart from the ones listed constitute a smaller percentage of the total number people from all the tribes in Nigeria. It is noteworthy that Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba make up about 70% of the population of Nigeria. These Nigerian tribes have different cultures carried on by their people thereby contributing to the immense cultural diversity seen in the country.

See Also: 10 Notable Moments in the History of Nigeria

Hausa Tribe

Hausa Kingdom

Hausa is the largest tribe in Nigeria making up about 29% of Nigeria’s population. They live in the northern part of Nigeria, Southern parts of Niger and west end of Chad Republic. They mostly occupy the towns and villages in Northern parts of Nigeria including: Kano, Kaduna, Biram, Jos, Lafia,  Katsina, Abuja, Sokoto, Bauchi, Birnin Kebbi, Damaturu, Dutse, Gombe, Suleja, Gusau, Jalingo, Jebba, jos, Lafia, Maiduguri, Makurdi, Yola, Zaria etc.

No two tribes in Nigeria have exactly the same language but the Hausa language originated and forms part of the Chadic family of Languages which is similar but distantly related to Hebrew and Arabic. In recent times, because of the close similarities between the cultures and lifestyle of Hausa and Fulani, they are often regarded as Hausa-Fulani.

Don’t Miss: 10 Evergreen Nigerian Songs Everybody Should Know

Igbo Tribe

Igbo culture

Igbo is one of the major tribes in Nigeria with appreciable number of people owning their origin from the Igbo tribe. Historically, they were from Nri Kingdom, which happens to be the oldest Kingdom in Nigerian.The Igbos are industrious and made bronze ceremonial vessels as part of the culture and heritage dated back to the stone age. Geographically, the Igbo land occupies most of the South Eastern Nigeria and some of the major cities include: Enugu, Onitsha, Owerri, Asaba, Awka, Abakiliki, Abia, Orlu etc.

Yoruba Tribe

Yoruba People

Credit: eden-saga.com

The Yoruba tribe constitute almost 21 % of the population of Nigeria and this translates to about 40 million people. They inhabit the southwestern part of Nigeria but also live in other countries in West Africa including Benin, Ghana, Togo and surprisingly, the Caribbean. They are well involved in arts and have a long history of poetry and between 1100 to 1700, they made impressive bronze sculptures, most of which were made to represent the heads of gods and rulers. They also made lots of beadwork, metalwork, weaving and mask making.

Complete List of Nigerian Tribes and the States of Nigeria where They Live

Nigerian Tribes Nigerian States Where They Live
1AbayonCross River
2Abua (Odual)Rivers
3Achipa (Achipawa)Kebbi
4AdimCross River
5AdunCross River
6AffadeYobe
7AfizerePlateau
8AfoPlateau
9AgboCross River
10Akaju-Ndem (Akajuk)Cross River
11Akweya-YachiBenue
12Alago (Arago)Piateau
13AmoPlateau
14AnagutaPlateau
15AnangAkwa lbom
16AndoniAkwa lbom, Rivers
17AngasBauchi, Jigawa, Plateau
18AnkweiPlateau
19AnyimaCross River
20Attakar (ataka)Kaduna
21Auyoka (Auyokawa)Jigawa
22AworiLagos, Ogun
23AyuKaduna
24BaburAdamawa, Bomo, Taraba, Yobe
25BachamaAdamawa
26BachereCross River
27BadaPlateau
28BadeYobe
29BahumonoCross River
30BakulungTaraba
31BaliTaraba
32Bambora (Bambarawa)Bauchi
33BambukoTaraba
34Banda (Bandawa)Taraba
35Banka (Bankalawa)Bauchi
36Banso (Panso)Adamawa
37Bara (Barawa)Bauchi
38BarkeBauchi
39Baruba (Barba)Niger
40Bashiri (Bashirawa)Plateau
41BassaKaduna, Kogi, Niger, Plateau
42BattaAdamawa
43BaushiNiger
44BayaAdamawa
45BekwarraCross River
46Bele (Buli, Belewa)Bauchi
47Betso (Bete)Taraba
48BetteCross River
49BileiAdamawa
50BilleAdamawa
51Bina (Binawa)Kaduna
52BiniEdo
53BiromPlateau
54BobuaTaraba
55Boki (Nki)Cross River
56BkkosPlateau
57Boko (Bussawa, Bargawa)Niger
58Bole (Bolewa)Bauchi, Yobe
59BotlereAdamawa
60Boma (Bomawa, Burmano)Bauchi
61BomboroBauchi
62BudumaBorno, Niger
63BujiPlateau
64BuliBauchi
65BunuKogi
66BuraAdamawa
67BurakBauchi
68Burma (Burmawa)Plateau
69BuruYobe
70Buta (Butawa)Bauchi
71BwallPlateau
72BwatiyeAdamawa
73BwazzaAdamawa
74ChallaPlateau
75Chama (Chamawa Fitilai)Bauchi
76ChambaTaraba
77ChamoBauchi
78Chibok (Chibbak)Yobe
79ChinineBorno
80ChipPlateau
81ChokoboPlateau
82ChukkolTaraba
83DabaAdamawa
84DadiyaBauchi
85DakaAdamawa
86DakarkariNiger, Kebbi
87Danda (Dandawa)Kebbi
88DangsaTaraba
89Daza (Dere, Derewa)Bauchi
90DegemaRivers
91Deno (Denawa)Bauchi
92DghwedeBomo
93DibaTaraba
94Doemak (Dumuk)Plateau
95OuguriBauchi
96Duka (Dukawa)Kebbi
97Duma (Dumawa)Bauchi
98Ebana (Ebani)Rivers
99Ebirra (lgbirra)Edo, Kogi, Ondo
100EbuEdo, Kogi
101EfikCross River
102EgbemaRivers
103Egede (lgedde)Benue
104EggonPlateau
105Egun (Gu)Lagos,Ogun
106EjaghamCross River
107EkajukCross River
108EketAkwa Ibom
109EkoiCross River
110Engenni (Ngene)Rivers
111EpieRivers
112Esan (Ishan)Edo
113EtcheRivers
114Etolu (Etilo)Benue
115EtsakoEdo
116EtungCross River
117EtunoEdo
118PalliAdamawa
119Pulani (Pulbe)Bauchi, Borno, Jigawa , Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi , Niger, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, etc.
120Fyam (Fyem)Plateau
121Fyer(Fer)Plateau
122Ga’andaAdamawa
123GadeNiger
124GalambiBauchi
125Gamergu-MulgwaBomo
126QanawuriPlateau
127GavakoBorno
128GbeddeKogi
129GengleTaraba
130GejiBauchi
131Gera (Gere, Gerawa)Bauchi
132Geruma (Gerumawa)Plateau
133Geruma (Gerumawa)Bauchi
134GingwakBauchi
135GiraAdamawa
136GizigzAdamawa
137GoernaiPlateau
138Gokana (Kana)Rivers
139GombiAdamawa
140Gornun (Gmun)Taraba
141GoniaTaraba
142Gubi (Gubawa)Bauchi
143GudeAdamawa
144GuduAdamawa
145GureKaduna
146GurmanaNiger
147GururntumBauchi
148GusuPlateau
149Gwa (Gurawa)Adamawa
150GwambaAdamawa
151GwandaraKaduna, Niger, Plateau
152Gwari (Gbari)Kaduna, Niger, Plateau
153GwomTaraba
154Gwoza (Waha)Bomo
155GyemBauchi
156HausaBauchi, Borno, Jigawa, Kaduna,Kano, Kastina, Kebbi, Niger,Taraba, Sokoto, etc
157Higi (Hig)Borno, Adamawa
158HolmaAdamawa
159HonaAdamawa
160IbenoAkwa lbom
161IbibioAkwa lbom
162IchenAdamawa
163IdomaBenue, Taraba
164IgallaKogi
165lgboAbia, Anambra, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi,Enugu, Imo, Rivers
166ljumuKogi
167IkornCross River
168IrigwePlateau
169IsokoDelta
170lsekiri (Itsekiri)Delta
171lyala (lyalla)Cross River
172lzondjo)Bayelsa, Delta, Ondo, Rivers
173JabaKaduna
174Jahuna (Jahunawa)Taraba
175JakuBauchi
176Jara (Jaar Jarawa Jarawa-Dutse)Bauchi
177Jere (Jare, Jera, Jera, Jerawa)Bauchi, Plateau
178JeroTaraba
179JibuAdamawa
180Jidda-AbuPlateau
181Jimbin (Jimbinawa)Bauchi
182JiraiAdamawa
183Jonjo (Jenjo)Taraba
184JukunBauchi, Benue,Taraba, Plateau
185Kaba(Kabawa)Taraba
186KadaraTaraba
187KafanchanKaduna
188KagoroKaduna
189Kaje (Kache)Kaduna
190Kajuru (Kajurawa)Kaduna
191KakaAdamawa
192Kamaku (Karnukawa)Kaduna, Kebbi, Niger
193KambariKebbi, Niger
194KambuAdamawa
195KamoBauchi
196Kanakuru (Dera)Adamawa, Borno
197KanembuBomo
198KanikonKaduna
199KantanaPlateau
200KanufiKaduna, Adamawa, Bomo, Kano,Niger, Jigawa, Plateau, Taraba, Yobe
201Karekare (Karaikarai)Bauchi, Yobe
202KarimjoTaraba
203KariyaBauchi
204Katab (Kataf)Kaduna
205Kenern (Koenoem)Plateau
206KentonTaraba
207Kiballo (Kiwollo)Kaduna
208KilbaAdamawa
209Kirfi (Kirfawa)Bauchi
210KomaTaraba
211KonaTaraba
212Koro (Kwaro)Kaduna, Niger
213Kubi (Kubawa)Bauchi
214Kudachano (Kudawa)Bauchi
215KugamaTaraba
216Kulere (Kaler)Plateau
217KuniniTaraba
218KuramaJigawa, Kaduna, Niger, Plateau
219KurdulAdamawa
220KushiBauchi
221KutebTaraba
222KutinTaraba
223KwallaPlateau
224Kwami (Kwom)Bauchi
225KwanchiTaraba
226Kwanka (Kwankwa)Bauchi, Plateau
227KwaroPlateau
228KwatoPlateau
229Kyenga (Kengawa)Sokoto
230Laaru (Larawa)Niger
231LakkaAdamawa
232LalaAdamawa
233LamaTaraba
234LamjaTaraba
235LauTaraba
236UbboAdamawa
237LimonoBauchi, Plateau
238Lopa (Lupa, Lopawa)Niger
239Longuda (Lunguda)Adamawa, Bauchi
240MaboPlateau
241MadaKaduna, Plateau
242MamaPlateau
243MambillaAdamawa
244ManchokKaduna
245Mandara (Wandala)Bomo
246Manga (Mangawa)Yobe
247Margi (Marghi)Adamawa, Bomo
248MatakarnAdamawa
249MbembeCross River, Enugu
250MbolAdamawa
251MbubeCross River
252MbulaAdamawa
253MbumTaraba
254Memyang (Meryan)Plateau
255MiangoPlateau
256Miligili (Migili)Plateau
257Miya (Miyawa)Bauchi
258MobberBomo
259MontolPlateau
260Moruwa (Moro’a, Morwa)Kaduna
261MuchailaAdamawa
262MumuyeTaraba
263MundangAdamawa
264Munga (Mupang)Plateau
265MusherePlateau
266Mwahavul (Mwaghavul)Plateau
267NdoroTaraba
268NgamoBauchi, Yobe
269NgizimYobe
270Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-Ndhang)Adamawa, Borno
271Ningi (Ningawa)Bauchi
272Ninzam (Ninzo)Kaduna, Plateau
273NjayiAdamawa
274NkimCross River
275NkumCross River
276Nokere (Nakere)Plateau
277NunkuKaduna, Plateau
278NupeNiger
279NyandangTaraba
280OdodopCross River
281OgoriKwara
282Okobo (Okkobor)Akwa lbom
283OkpamheriEdo
284OlulumoCross River
285OronAkwa lbom
286OwanEdo
287OweKwara
288OworoKwara
289Pa’a (Pa’awa Afawa)Bauchi
290PaiPlateau
291PanyamTaraba
292PeroBauchi
293PireAdamawa
294PkanzomTaraba
295PollTaraba
296Polchi HabeBauchi
297Pongo (Pongu)Niger
298PotopoTaraba
299Pyapun (Piapung)Plateau
300QuaCross River
301Rebina (Rebinawa)Bauchi
302ResheKebbi, Niger
303Rindire (Rendre)Plateau
304RishuwaKaduna
305RonPiateau
306RubuNiger
307RukubaPlateau
308RumadaKaduna
309RumayaKaduna
310SakbeTaraba
311SangaBauchi
312SateTaraba
313Saya (Sayawa Za’ar)Bauchi
314Segidi (Sigidawa)Bauchi
315Shanga (Shangawa)Sokoto
316Shangawa (Shangau)Plateau
317Shan-ShanPlateau
318Shira (Shirawa)Kano
319ShomoTaraba
320ShuwaAdamawa, Borno
321SikdiPlateau
322Siri (Sirawa)Bauchi
323Srubu (Surubu)Kaduna
324SukurAdamawa
325SuraPlateau
326TangaleBauchi
327TarokPlateau, Taraba
328TemeAdamawa
329Tera (Terawa)Bauchi, Bomo
330Teshena (Teshenawa)Kano
331TigonAdamawa
332TikarTaraba
333TivBenue, Plateau, Taraba
334TulaBauchi
335TurAdamawa
336UfiaBenue
337UkelleCross River
338Ukwani (Kwale)Delta
339UncindaKaduna, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto
340Uneme (Ineme)Edo
341Ura (Ula)Niger
342UrhoboDelta
343UtonkongBenue
344UyangaCross River
345VemgoAdamawa
346VerreAdamawa
347VommiTaraba
348WaggaAdamawa
349WajaBauchi
350WakaTaraba
351Warja (Warja)Jigawa
352WarjiBauchi
353WulaAdamawa
354WurboAdamawa
355WurkunTaraba
356YacheCross River
357YagbaKwara
358Yakurr (Yako)Cross River
359YallaBenue
360YandangTaraba
361Yergan (Yergum)Plateau
362YorubaKwara, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Oyo, Osun, Ekiti, Kogi
363YottTaraba
364YumuNiger
365YungurAdamawa
366YuomPlateau
367ZabaraNiger
368ZarandaBauchi
369Zarma (Zarmawa)Kebbi
370Zayam (Zeam)Bauchi
371Zul (Zulawa)Bauchi

  • Adewale Ajadi

    amazing ! Now there is a country!