This top 10 list of most dangerous countries in Africa is based on the degree instability and danger that commonly erupt in these countries. Most of these countries are characterised by war and political instability, acts of terrorism, crimes against humanity. This list is taken from the Global Peace Index report of 2012. Global Peace Index has been classifying 153 countries according to how peaceful they are. The 2012 Global Peace Index has actually discovered that the world has become slightly more peaceful when compared to the previous year. The list considers renewed fighting, the resurgence of political instability including terrorist threats. Here is the list of 10 Most Dangerous Countries in Africa.
Ethiopia comes up at number 10 on our list of 10 most dangerous places in Africa. Ethiopia has been involved in a conflict with Eritrea for more than ten years. Eritrea got her independence from Ethiopia about 30 years ago following a prolonged fight for freedom. The Border disputes between Eritrea and Ethiopia have been going on ever since Eritrea broke free from Ethiopia in 1991. The International Court of Justice had clearly defined the borders between the 2 countries but there is still a tense relationship between the nations. The Ethiopia have not fully withdrawn from the region.
There is also a group known as Oromo Liberation Front which has been labeled as outlaw and a terrorist organisation by the Ethiopian government. The organisation was started in 1973 by Oromo nationalists to promote self-determination for the Oromo people against what they call “Abyssinian colonial rule”
For the past 15 years, Burundi has known political conflict and for more than a decade, the local and regional peace talks have been initiated. The international community and other peace-loving organisations have tried to find a way out of the endless Burundian conflicts but the outcome seems to be a worsening state of political, economic and social violence and inequalities. The misaligned political interests have fuelled these instabilities over the years. [See Also: Violent Crime Rates By Country]
Following the country’s presidential election in 2008 between Robert Mugabe and Morgan Tsvangirai, his main rival, both claimed victory in the first round of elections, Zimbabwe has regenerated a wave of renewed violence and instability with the establishment of a system with two-heads: president as Robert Mugabe and Morgan Tsvangirai as Prime Minister in 2009, the situation has eased off a little bit.
Zimbabwe Peace Project reported a 15% increase in human rights violations that were “directly linked” to the new push for polls in 2012 and 2 years earlier, attempts by the Prime Minister to develop the Constitution have been sabotaged by the camp of Robert Mugabe. Public meetings were banned, arbitrary arrests, looting and ransacking, have pushed the country into violence. In general, Zimbabwean government has remained a troubled coalition characterised by bickering and stalemate. The political impasse has impacted negatively on the benefits of a good governance and stalled Zimbabwe from operating in its full capacity. It has generally constrained peaceful political participation as well as economic progress.
Chad has drastically improved its position by striking a more healthy relationship with her neighbouring countries. In the recent past, Chad was politically insecure and volatile. Ethnic clashes, banditry and fighting between government forces and rebel groups contributed to a worsening security situation in the region. It was reported that an estimated 180,000 Chadians were forced from their homes within three years while 285,000 refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) and the Darfur region of Sudan have fled violence in their own countries and live in refugee camps in eastern Chad. The instability also impacted some 700,000 Chadians whose communities have been disrupted by fighting and strained by the presence of the displaced.
Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country and home to over 155 million people is in the midst of political, economic and social instability. The north, central and south eastern parts of Nigeria are the most affected parts. In the recent times, there has been a sharp increase in religious conflict at the north of the country where the killings of Muslims and Christians have sent nearly 20,000 to their death within the last decade. There has also been an increase in acts of terrorism and inhumanity against government and public structures including churches carried out by a sect called Boko Haram.
The Movement for the Emancipation of Niger Delta (MEND) operates in the southern part of the country, attacking the facilities and personnel of oil companies. Kidnappings of expatriates and attacks on oil pipelines are their predilections. The Amnesty programme initiated by the Federal Government seem to have successfully reduced these attacks on government properties but the country is facing a rising wave of kidnapping and corruption.