Today marks the 25th anniversary of the Webiverse! Without the world wide web–and of course, the internet, you would not have been able to see this post.
The world wide web is, however, not the internet. Although they are incorrectly used interchangeably, they are not the same. The internet is a network of connected computer networks that use the same protocols to connect with one another while the web is everything accessible with the help of a web browser (Google Chrome, Firefox, etc.)
How the World Wide Web began…
It was created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee a British computer scientist in 1989 but became open for all in 1991.
Berners-Lee at the time was working for CERN a particle physics lab close to Switzerland’s capital. CERN always attracted scientists from all over the world who came to use the accelerators in the lab. Sir Tim Berners-Lee, however, noticed that they found it difficult to share information.
“In those days, there was different information on different computers, but you had to log on to different computers to get at it. Also, sometimes you had to learn a different program on each computer. Often it was just easier to go and ask people when they were having coffee…”, Tim says.
Through the advent of the internet and Hypertext, Berners-Lee was able to create:
Hypertxt Markup Language (HTML) : the behind-the-scene codes that gives a web page its structure.
HyperText Transfer protocol (HTTP) : which allows for web pages to be easily linked to other web pages
Uniform Resource Locator/Identifier(URL/URI): The unique address of every web page.
All these technologies are commonly used today. In combination with the internet, information-sharing is 100 times easier than it was when the world wide web was created. In fact, thanks to Sir Tim Berners-Lee and his team advocating for the web to be open for all, we can now easily send and receive information in an instant.
You can have a look at the first web page as it was created in August 1991 here.
Happy Web day!