10 Most Popular African Musical Instruments

When it comes to musical instruments, the African continent is well-known for its vast instruments. There are very many tribes or ethnic communities in Africa. Each tribe will have its own unique instruments. This has led to very many types of instruments which comprises of wind, stringed and also percussion. The following is a list of the 10 most popular African musical instruments, here goes the list

Here is The List of 10 Most Popular African Musical Instruments

See Also: Top 10 African Music

1. The Kora

The Kora

The Kora probably stands out as one of the most famous stringed instruments. It may also come in terms such as “Jali”. The design of the instruments is almost similar to that of a guitar. It features 21 strings placed on a gourd covered with the skin/hide of an animal. It is popular in Senegal, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Burkina Faso, Benin and Mali.

2. Kalimba


Also referred to as a thumb piano, the Kalimba consists of strips placed on a resonator. The strips come in varied lengths. A sound is produced by plucking the ends of the flexible strips. The original Kalimba was made from bamboo strips. However, modern instruments come with metal strips. The resonator is made from wood. It is popularly found in west and central Africa.

3. The Talking Drum

The Talking Drum

The talking drum is probably the most known drum from Africa. It is mostly found in West Africa in countries such as Nigeria, Mali, Ghana, Togo and Benin. It is an hour-shaped drum that is usually placed under the arm. To vary the pitch or sound, the player presses or squeezes the narrow edge.

READ  Top 10 Kenyan Music Genre

4. The Balafon

The Balafon

The Balafon resembles the xylophone or African Marimba. It is a percussion instrument normally found in Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali, and Burkina Faso. It is made from wooden planks that are loosely bound by a string and placed over large gourds. Sound is produced by hitting it with miniature clubs/ mallets.

5. Shekere


The Shekere is one of the most famous shakers in Africa. The instrument consists of closely woven beads that form a net. The net is placed around a gourd. Sound is produced by either shaking it or slamming it against the hands. The Shekere is mainly found in West Africa in countries such as Nigeria, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Togo, Ghana and many others.

6. Djembe/Jembe


The Djembe or jembe is a type of drum found in Central and West Africa. It consists of animal skin or hide stretched over a curved piece of wood. A hole is curved out in the upper region of the wood where the skin is stretched out. The top surface is usually wider than the bottom surface.

7. Udu


The Udu is a type of drum that has its roots in Nigeria. It resembles the vessels or jars used to draw water from the river. Unlike most percussion instruments, it is made from clay instead of wood. The sound or pitch is influenced by the hollow, size, and also the style of playing.

8. Marimba


The Marimba is a type of African Xylophone. It is made by placing small planks of wooden planks on a wooden box (resonator). The different-sized planks are secured loosely using a piece of chord/string. Sound is produced by hammering the planks using sticks or mallets. It can be found in East and Central Africa in regions such as Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Central African Republic.

READ  10 Coolest and Popular Eritrean Music
READ  20 Richest African Musicians and Their Net Worth

9. Mbira


The Mbira is a thumb piano that resembles the Kalimba. It is made up of two rows of metal strips that come in staggered dimensions. They are placed on a wooden resonator (sound box). It is most common in East and Southern Africa. The countries include Namibia, Zambia, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania.

10. Algaita


The Algaita is a popular wind instrument found in West Africa. It is closely related to yet another popular wind instrument known as “Oboe”. Unlike the “Oboe”, the Algaita comes with a wider opening at the base as well as open finger holes. It is made from reeds. It will feature in many ceremonies and festivities in Ghana, Senegal, Nigeria, Togo, Benin and other regions. From the above list of 10 most popular African musical instruments, it is evident that they share lots of similarities. This is credited to the migration that took/takes place in Africa. Besides music, the instruments serve other purposes. These include ornamental, status symbol, as well as encouraging people to work.

Recommended Further Reading

Emeka Chigozie
Emeka has a keen interest in tech, entertainment, and politics. He likes to stay up to date with global news when he is not thinking about future trends in tech.
data-matched-content-rows-num="2" data-matched-content-columns-num="4" data-matched-content-ui-type="image_stacked" data-ad-format="autorelaxed">


D’banj Net Worth – How Rich Is The Nigerian Singer And Where Is He Now?

D'banj's net worth is currently estimated at about $15 million. For good reasons, he is respected and recognized as one of the top musicians...

University Of Ghana Admission Requirements And How To Apply

The University of Ghana ranks as the best university in Ghana and by its enviable reputation and position, it’s no wonder that a lot...

Which is the Biggest Mall in Africa? See the 12 Largest Shopping Centers in the Continent

Formerly seen as an underdeveloped continent, great strides have been made to modernize Africa, including the construction of world-class shopping complexes and malls. There...

Ghana Education Service (GES) Online Application Procedure and Requirements (Education)

The saying that a country can never grow beyond the level of education of its people resonates with people worldwide. This is why a...

20 of the Biggest and Most Successful African YouTubers Right Now

In time past, many Africans have been quite reluctant to explore the vast opportunities obtainable on Youtube. Most Africans only subscribe to channels to...

Featured Today

Related Stories