10 Most Popular African Musical Instruments

When it comes to musical instruments, the African continent is well-known for its vast instruments. There are very many tribes or ethnic communities in Africa. Each tribe will have its own unique instruments. This has led to very many types of instruments which comprises of wind, stringed and also percussion. The following is a list of the 10 most popular African musical instruments, here goes the list

Here is The List of 10 Most Popular African musical Instruments

  1. The Kora
  2. Djembe/Jembe
  3. Kalimba
  4. Udu
  5. The Talking Drum
  6. Marimba
  7. The Balafon
  8. Mbira
  9. Shekere
  10. Algaita

See Also: Top 10 African Music 2016

1. The Kora

The Kora

The Kora probably stands out as one of the most famous stringed instruments. It may also come in terms such as “Jali”. The design of the instruments is almost similar to that of a guitar. It features 21 strings placed on a gourd covered with the skin/hide of an animal. It is popular in Senegal, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Burkina Faso, Benin and Mali.

2. Kalimba


Also referred to as a thumb piano, the Kalimba consists of strips placed on a resonator. The strips come in varied lengths. A sound is produced by plucking the ends of the flexible strips. The original Kalimba was made from bamboo strips. However, modern instruments come with metal strips. The resonator is made from wood. It is popularly found in west and central Africa.

3. The Talking Drum

The Talking Drum

The talking drum is probably the most known drum from Africa. It is mostly found in West Africa in countries such as Nigeria, Mali, Ghana, Togo and Benin. It is an hour-shaped drum that is usually placed under the arm. To vary the pitch or sound, the player presses or squeezes the narrow edge.

4. The Balafon

The Balafon

The Balafon resembles the xylophone or African Marimba. It is a percussion instrument normally found in Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali, and Burkina Faso. It is made from wooden planks that are loosely bound by a string and placed over large gourds. Sound is produced by hitting it with miniature clubs/ mallets.

5. Shekere


The Shekere is one of the most famous shakers in Africa. The instrument consists of closely woven beads that form a net. The net is placed around a gourd. Sound is produced by either shaking it or slamming it against the hands. The Shekere is mainly found in West Africa in countries such as Nigeria, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Togo, Ghana and many others.