The name Albert Einstein became a globally recognized name owing to his laudable achievements ranging from his innovations, discoveries, and several books he wrote – which were all targeted at solving many problems for humanity. Albert Einstein was a professor, theoretical physicist of German origin who won a Noble Prize in Physics. He is believed to be the father of modern day physics.
Albert is famed for his formula and theory of relativity and mass-energy equivalence formula (E = mc2) which has been helpful to astronomers in the study of gravitational waves to Mercury’s orbit. The scientist may have long passed on, but his legacies have been immortalized. Let’s take you through his biography, family life, children, wife, facts and even the cause of his death in this article.
Biography of Albert Einstein
The 14th day of March 1879 heralded the birth of Albert Einstein in Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, in modern day Germany. He attended a Catholic elementary school in Munich, before being transferred to Luitpold Gymnasium, now renamed Albert Einstein Gymnasium. He was a very gifted student of Mathematics and Physics, which were subjects he excelled in. At a young age of sixteen, the young Albert sat for an entrance examination to be admitted into the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zürich even when he had not completed his secondary education. He failed to meet the required scores despite making high grades in Physics and Mathematics, thus, going back to complete his secondary education in Argovian cantonal school (gymnasium) in Aaru, Switzerland.
Upon finishing his secondary education, Albert Einstein enrolled in Mathematics and Physics teaching diploma program in Zürich Polytechnic graduating in 1990 with a diploma certificate. After his education, he began his teaching career and taught in different schools across Europe. He bagged his doctorate in 1905. Some of the schools Albert Einstein taught in include the University of Bern, Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague, the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin, just to mention but a few.
Family – Parents, Wife, and Children
Albert Einstein was born to a salesman and engineer father – Hermann Einstein, and a businesswoman, Pauline Einstein. His father co-founded an electrical equipment manufacturing company known as Electrotechnische Fabric J. Einstein & Cie alongside his uncle named Jakob. Albert’s father wanted him to become an electrical engineer but fate had other plans. He had a sister named Maja Einstein. Sadly Albert’s father passed, on October 10, 1902, at age 55, while his mother died on February 20, 1920, at the age of 62.
At the age of twenty-four, Albert walked down the aisle with his polytechnic sweetheart and Serbian mathematician, Mileva Matrić. Their journey of love began from Zürich Polytechnic where they met. Mileva Matric was the only female Physics and Mathematics student out of a class of six who were admitted for a diploma course in 1896. When the chemistry between the pair became intense, their sexual relationship resulted in a pregnancy that affected Mileva Matrić academics pursuit. She eventually gave birth to a girl whom the couple named Lieserl, unfortunately, the baby was said to have died in infancy. Meanwhile, in 1901 Albert Einstein graduated, from his studies.
Albert and Mileva Matrić put the ugly experience behind them and officially tied the knot in Bern, Switzerland in 1903. In 1904, they welcome their second child (a son) named Hans Albert. Albert and his family later moved to Zurich, where they welcomed their second son named Eduard who was born in 1910.
Hans Albert was very smart like his parents and became an engineer and a professor at the department of hydraulic engineering at UC Berkeley. He also begat four children but had only one surviving child called Bernhard. His brother Eduard Einstein, on the other hand, failed to graduate as a medical student, as he was plagued by Schizophrenia which led to him being locked up in an asylum for many years.
Albert Einstein later became besotted with Elsa Löwenthal nee Einstein, a woman considered to be his maternal first cousin and a paternal second cousin in 1912. When his first wife discovered the new development, the couple parted ways in 1914 living separately till February 14, 1919, when their union was officially dissolved. The same year, Albert wedded Elsa and they immigrated to the US where they lived till Elsa died from complications from heart and kidney failures in December 1936.
Cause Of Death
The prolific writer had internal bleeding caused by a rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. He was rushed to Princeton Hospital in Plainsboro, Middlesex County, New Jersey, however, Einstein refused to be operated upon but instead insisted that surgery is an artificial way of prolonging life. He accepted to die without any surgical intervention. He passed away on April 18, 1955, at the age of 76. His brain was removed and preserved while his remains were cremated.
Other Facts About Albert Einstein
Awards And Honour
Albert Einstein was a recipient of many awards in his lifetime for his outstanding scientific contributions. The biggest of them all was the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics he received in 1922 for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. He received the Copley medal as given by Royal Society (1925), Induction into New Jersey Hall of fame (2008) and a medical university named after him Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in Bronx, New York, among many other awards and honors.
Serial Author And Writer
During his lifetime, Albert Einstein published more than three hundred (300) scientific papers and more than one hundred and fifty (150) non-scientific works that are still very valid today.
Albert Einstein’s Height
He had a height of 5 feet 7.5 inches (1.72 m) according to the information he supplied when he applied to become a US citizen.