Albert Einstein became a globally recognized name owing to his laudable innovative achievements, discoveries, and the several books he wrote which were all targeted at solving many problems for humanity. Albert was a professor and theoretical physicist of German origin who won a Noble Prize in Physics. He is believed to be the father of modern-day physics.
Being one of the most famous scientists the world has ever known, Einstein is famed for his formula and theory of relativity and mass-energy equivalence (E = mc2) which has been helpful to astronomers in the study of gravitational waves to Mercury’s orbit. The scientist may have long passed on, but his legacies have been immortalized.
Nobel Prize in Physics and Other Awards That Proves He’s One of The Greatest Scientists of All Time
The 14th day of March 1879 heralded the birth of Albert Einstein in Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, Germany. He attended a Catholic elementary school in Munich, before being transferred to Luitpold Gymnasium, now renamed Albert Einstein Gymnasium. He was a very gifted student of mathematics and physics, which were subjects he excelled in.
Many years to come, his knowledge in those subjects made him a renowned theoretical physicist whose works have remained very relevant to the world. Among other accomplishments, he is probably most revered for discovering the law of photoelectric effect which earned him the Noble Prize in Physics, this was in 1921.
Albert Einstein would come to be known for other scientific exploits like the Theory of Brownian motion, General and Special relativity, Unified field theory, Gravitational wave, Cosmological constant, and much more. Apart from the Noble Prize in Physics, he bagged several prestigious awards that have continued to set him apart as one of the greatest scientists the world has ever known. They include:
- Barnard Medal (1920)
- Fellow of the Royal Society (1921)
- Matteucci Medal (1921)
- Copley Medal (1925)
- Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1926)
- Max Planck Medal (1929)
- Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1942)
- Time Person of the Century (1999)
In all, Einstein was a recipient of many awards in his lifetime for his outstanding scientific contributions. It has been decades since he passed on but his works have continued to earn him recognition. For instance, he was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame in 2008 and a medical university in Bronx, New York was named after him – Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
His Scientific Career Saw Him Publish Over 300 Papers
At a young age of sixteen, the young Albert sat for an entrance examination to be admitted into the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zürich even though he had not completed his secondary education. He failed to meet the required scores despite making high grades in physics and mathematics. Thus, he went back to complete his secondary education in Argovian cantonal school (gymnasium) in Aaru, Switzerland.
Upon finishing his secondary education, Albert Einstein enrolled for a mathematics and physics diploma program in Zürich Polytechnic, graduating in 1990 with a diploma certificate. After his education, he began his teaching career and taught in different schools across Europe.
He bagged his doctorate in 1905 and some of the schools Albert Einstein taught in include the University of Bern, Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague, the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin, and much more. He was appointed associate professor in 1909 and became a full professor in 1911. In all, his academic and scientific career saw him publish numerous works, including over 300 scientific papers and more than 150 non-scientific works that are still very valid today.
Albert Einstein Father Was an Engineer
Albert Einstein was born to a salesman and engineer father named Hermann Einstein and a businesswoman called Pauline Einstein.
His father co-founded an electrical equipment manufacturing company known as Electrotechnische Fabric J. Einstein & Cie, alongside his uncle named Jakob.
Albert’s father wanted him to become an electrical engineer but fate had other plans. He had a sister named Maja Einstein. Sadly Albert’s father passed on October 10, 1902, at age 55. While his mother died on February 20, 1920, at the age of 62.
The Scientist Met His First Wife at Zürich Polytechnic and They Got Married in 1903
At the age of twenty-four, Albert walked down the aisle with his polytechnic sweetheart and Serbian mathematician, Mileva Matrić. Their journey began at Zürich Polytechnic where they met.
Mileva was the only female physics and mathematics student out of a class of six who were admitted for a diploma course in 1896. With time, the chemistry between the pair became intense and their sexual relationship resulted in a pregnancy that affected Mileva Matrić’s academics pursuit.
She eventually gave birth to a girl the couple named Lieserl, unfortunately, the baby died during infancy. Albert and Mileva Matrić put the ugly experience behind them and officially tied the knot in 1903.
They Had Two Sons After The Death of Their First Child
In 1904, they welcome their second child (a son) named Hans Albert. Albert and his family later moved to Zurich, where they welcomed their second son named Eduard; he was born in 1910.
Hans Albert was very smart like his parents and became an engineer and a professor at the Department of Hydraulic Engineering at UC Berkeley. He also begat four children but had only one surviving child called Bernhard.
His brother Eduard Einstein failed to graduate as a medical student as he was plagued by schizophrenia which led to him being locked up in an asylum for many years.
Divorce from Mileva Matrić and Marriage to Elsa Löwenthal
Albert Einstein later became besotted with Elsa Löwenthal nee Einstein, a woman considered to be his cousin in 1912. When his first wife discovered the development, the couple parted ways in 1914, living separately till February 14, 1919, when their union was officially dissolved.
The same year, Albert wedded Elsa and they immigrated to the US where they lived till Elsa died from complications from heart and kidney failures in December 1936.
As it was with Albert, Elsa’s marriage to the scientist wasn’t her first. She was first married to Max Lowenthal, a textile trader from Berlin with whom she had two daughters and a son. Elsa and Max got married in 1896 and divorced in 1908.
The Scientist Died Because He Didn’t Believe in Surgery
The prolific writer had internal bleeding caused by a rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. He was rushed to Princeton Hospital in Plainsboro, Middlesex County, New Jersey. However, Einstein refused to be operated on and it is believed that it led to his death.
The great scientist believed that surgery is an artificial way of prolonging life. He accepted to die without any surgical intervention. Thus he passed away on April 18, 1955, at the age of 76.
His brain was removed and preserved while his remains were cremated.