Countries In East Africa And The Major Landmarks They Are Famous For

Just like the term already suggests, the countries in East Africa are those situated in the eastern sub-region of the African continent. The African continental sub-region is a large one, consisting of more than 160 different ethnic groups. The region is known for its tropical climate and for having most of the highest elevations on the African continent because it consists largely of plateaus.

Some of the predominantly exported items from eastern Africa include cut flowers, coffee, tea, fish, tobacco, and vegetables. The region is also renowned for having some of the best beaches on the continent. Most people seeking where they can have some fun on the beach during vacations choose East Africa.

There are currently 20 countries in East Africa and these nations have more than 537 million inhabitants living in them – and the number keeps growing every year. The population in East Africa is about 5.71% of the total world population.

1. Tanzania

Facts You Should Know

  • It is home to Africa’s highest mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro.
  • Olduvai Gorge, one of the world’s most important paleoanthropological sites is in Tanzania.
  • The Hadzabe, one of the oldest known ethnic groups still existing, is said to have originated in Tanzania.
  • The largest crabs in the world, the coconut crabs are found in Tanzania.
  • The shortest war ever fought in history was the Anglo-Zanzibar War of 1896 and it was fought in Tanzania. The war lasted between 38 and 45 minutes.

East Africa
Tanzania

Major Landmarks In Tanzania

Tanzania is home to some incredibly fascinating landmarks some of which you may have already heard about.

The Mount Kilimanjaro

Growing up, every African schoolchild is taught about the glorious Mount Kilimanjaro. Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. It towers about 5,895 meters above sea level and is a major climbing destination for climbers as well as a major tourist destination in Africa.

The mountain is located in the Kilimanjaro Region which is in the northeast of Tanzania. The mountain is believed to be 3 million years old and is the highest single free-standing mountain in the world. It is one of Tanzania’s most treasured landmarks.

Olduvai Gorge

Another very important landmark in Tanzania is the Olduvai Gorge. Olduvai Gorge is a paleoanthropological site that is considered by different experts to be the most important paleoanthropological sites in the world.

Olduvai Gorge is held in high esteem because it has proven to be very critical and indispensable in the quest to understand how early humans evolved. The site is located in the eastern Serengeti Plains in northern Tanzania and is believed to be millions of years old.

The Olduvai Gorge has been instrumental in the discovery of many important hominid fossils in Tanzania. One of such discoveries is the 6-million-year-old Pliocene hominid fossils.

There are other important sites in Tanzania like:

  • Serengeti National Park
  • Old Fort of Zanzibar
  • Great Mosque of Kilwa

2. Kenya

Facts You Should Know

  • Kenya is home to some of the greatest long-distance runners including Eliud Kipchoge
  • Kenya is the world’s leading safari destination and has won the World Travel Awards for this feat a record number of times.
  • Kenya is home to the second-highest mountain in Africa – Mount Kenya.
  • Kenya has the largest economy in East Africa.
  • Kenya is the first African country to produce an American President, Barack Obama. Obama has Kenyan roots because his father was born in the country.

East Africa
Kenya

Major Landmarks In Kenya

There are many landmarks in Kenya that Kenyans are very proud of.

Mount Kenya

Kenya boasts of having the second tallest mountain on the African continent. The mountain is caked Mount Kenya. The mountain towers 5,199 meters above the ground and is located about 150 km (90 mi) north-northeast of the capital Nairobi.

Mount Kenya is highly revered among the different tribes in Kenya. The Kikuyu, Ameru, Embu, and Maasai ethnic groups see the mountain from a spiritual point of view and believe God lives there. The mountain is believed to be approximately 3 million years old.

The Menengai Crater

The Menengai Crater is another landmark in Kenya. The Menengai is one of the world’s biggest calderas and is also considered to be one of the best-preserved Krakatau-style calderas on earth. It is now one of the highly visited tourist destinations in the country.

The Menengai, which is the single largest surviving volcanic crater in the world on earth, is located about 10 km north of Nakuru which is the fourth-biggest city in Kenya. The Crater is believed to be 200,000 years old.

Other important sites in Kenya include:

  • Maasai Mara National Reserve
  • Lake Nakuru
  • Amboseli National Park

3. Uganda

Facts You Should Know

  • The constitution in Uganda has no age or term limits for the president, meaning one could be president for life.
  • Uganda is the second most youthful country in the world.
  • It is generally believed that Uganda produced Africa’s most dangerous dictator ever – the man called Idi Amin.
  • It is home to the second-deepest lake in Africa – Lake Bunyonyi.

East Africa
Uganda

Major Landmarks In Uganda

Uganda has some landmarks that have attracted tourists over the years.

Murchison Falls

Murchison Falls is a very popular tourist destination in Uganda. The Falls, which is also known as Kabalega Falls, is actually a waterfall that flows between Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert on the Victoria Nile in Uganda. The Falls is located in northwestern Uganda and lends its name to the surrounding Murchison Falls National Park where tourists throng every year.

The Murchison Falls is among Uganda’s most lucrative tourism sites and it is on record that the first Europeans to sight it are the explorers, John Speke and James Grant who visited it in 1862.

Lake Bunyonyi

Lake Bunyonyi, which is also known as the Place of many little birds, is another landmark in Uganda. The lake, which is the second-deepest lake in Africa, is located in south-western Uganda between Kisoro and Kabale and is a huge tourist destination. The lake considered one of the lucrative tourism sites in Uganda and even appeared on the 5,000 Ugandan shilling note from 2004 to 2009.

Other interesting sites in Uganda include:

  • Bwindi Impenetrable National Forest
  • Margherita Peak
  • Gaddafi’s Mosque

4. Rwanda

Facts You Should Know

  • Rwanda is also called the land of thousand hills because it is highly elevated
  • Rwanda holds the world record for the highest representation of women in parliament – women make up 64% percent of the Rwandan parliament.
  • It is one of the most sophisticated and developed urban economies in East Africa.
  • The Rwandan genocide of 1994 is one of the worst genocides in Africa in which hundreds of thousands perished.

East Africa
Rwanda

Major Landmarks In Rwanda

Kigali Genocide Memorial

The Kigali Genocide Memorial is one of the landmarks in Rwanda. The Kigali Genocide Memorial commemorates one of the worst moments in Rwandan history – The Rwandan Genocide of 1994. The bodies of over 250,000 people who died during the genocide are interred at the memorial.

After the genocide, the dead bodies of people who had been left in the street or were dumped in rivers were brought together and buried at the site. The Kigali Genocide Memorial, which was opened in 1999, is located in Gisozi which is ten-minute from the center of Kigali and is a major tourist attraction.

Akagera National Park

The Akagera National Park is a very popular park in Rwanda. It is famous for sheltering a varied choice of wildlife including hundreds of bird species, giraffes, zebras, elephants, and even lions.

The park which covers about 1,122 km2 (433 sq mi) was founded in 1934 by the Belgian government. It is now a huge tourist destination.

Other sites in Rwanda include:

  • King’s Palace Museum
  • Kimironko Market
  • Volcanoes National Park
  • Lake Kivu
  • Musanze Caves

5. Burundi

Facts You Should Know

  • Burundi was rated the world’s least happy nation by the World Happiness Report 2018.
  • Burundi is home to Gustave, a man-eating crocodile that is reported to have killed more than 300 people.
  • Over 80% of Burundians live in rural areas.
  • Cattle are a symbol of health and wealth in Burundi.

East Africa
Burundi

Major Landmarks In Burundi

Kibira National Park

The Kibira National Park is one of the landmarks in Burundi. The park overlaps four provinces and covers about 400 km2. It is a major tourist attraction in Burundi. The park is known for being home to some important birds including the great blue turaco and mountain buzzard. Also, some primate species including the black and white colobus monkeys as well as chimpanzees are also found here.

The Decree 100/007 of 25 January 2000, established the Kibira National Park in 2000 along with four nature reserves.

Livingstone-Stanley Monument

The Livingstone-Stanley Monument is the monument that marks the location where Dr. David Livingstone, an important figure in exploration and missionary works and journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley visited and even sent two nights from 25 to 27 November 1871 in Burundi.

The site has become one of the great tourist attractions in Burundi especially because of the tales and myths surrounding the visits of the two important figures from colonial times.

Other important sites in Burundi include:

  • Lake Tanganyika
  • Rwihinda Lake Natural Reserve
  • Rurubu River
  • Muhweza Hot Springs
  • Karera Falls

6. South Sudan

Facts You Should Know

  • South Sudan is the youngest sovereign state or country with widespread recognition having gained Independence in 2011.
  • South Sudan’s lush rainforests and swamplands are home to many species of wildlife.
  • South Sudan’s culture is heavily influenced by its neighbors due to the many years of the civil war.

East Africa
South Sudan

Major Landmarks In South Sudan

Mount Kinyeti

Mount Kinyeti is one of the landmarks that the South Sudanese are proud of. Kinyeti is a mountain that serves as the highest peak in South Sudan with an elevation of 3,187 meters above sea level. The mountain is located near the Ugandan border in Ikwoto County of Imatong State.

The Sudd

This is another landmark in South Sudan. The Sudd is actually a vast swamp that has been formed by the White Nile’s Baḥr al-Jabal section. Today, it is one of the world’s largest wetlands as it covers approximately 57,000 km2. It is located in the lowland region of central South Sudan.

Other interesting places in South Sudan include:

  • Nimule Rapids
  • John Garang Memorial
  • Jebel Kujur

7. Djibouti

Facts You Should Know

  • Djibouti has the smallest population in mainland Africa with a little over 921,000 inhabitants
  • The county’s capital, Djibouti city, is one of the warmest and driest cities in the world.
  • Djibouti is one of the most water-scarce countries in the world, with just 0.3 cu km of total renewable water resources.
  • Djibouti’s population is mainly young as more than half of the inhabitants are under the age of 25.
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East Africa
Djibouti

Major Landmarks In Djibouti 

Lake Assal

Lake Assal is a crater lake that is located in central-western Djibouti and serves as one of the main tourist destinations in the country. Because it lies about 150m below sea level, Lake Assal is now the lowest point in Africa and thrills hundreds of tourists every year. It is also the third-lowest point on Earth.

Day Forest National Park

Djibouti’s Day Forest National Park is also one of its celebrated landmarks. It is a national park that is located in the Goda Mountains and Tadjourah Region of Djibouti and is considered to be the largest forest in Djibouti. The Park was established in 1939 making it the oldest national park in Djibouti.

Other interesting places in Djibouti include:

  • Lake Abbe
  • Abourma petroglyphs
  • Balho petroglyphs
  • Asa Koma

8. Eritrea

Facts You Should Know

  • National legislative and presidential elections have never been held in Eritrea since independence.
  • The country has been ranked as having the third-least press freedom in the global Press Freedom Index.
  • Eritrea has had only one president since they got their independence – Isaias Afwerki, who has been ruling since 1993.
  • The country is known to be a zone for rare species of fish.
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East Africa
Eritrea’s capital Asmara

Major Landmarks In Eritrea 

Cattedrale Di Asmara

Cattedrale Di Asmara is highly regarded in Eritrea because of its place in the nation’s history. Cattedrale Di Asmara also called Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara is a very large Romantic Catholic church that has been in existence for several decades. The church was built way before the country’s independence in 1923 by the Italians.

The building, which is located at Harnet Ave, Asmara, has become of great significance to Eritreans.

Nabro Volcano

Nabro Volcano is a composite volcano that is still active. The volcano, which is located in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea, erupted in 2011 even though it was widely believed to be extinct at the time.

Other important places to visit in Eritrea include:

  • Buia Fossils
  • Gama cave
  • Mai Dubburo
  • Imperial Palace

9. Ethiopia

Facts You Should Know

  • Unlike many African countries, Ethiopia was never brought under colonial rule and so never “gained independence”.
  • The country has its calendar called the Ethiopian calendar which is about seven years and three months behind the Gregorian calendar.
  • Ethiopians still write with one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world – the ancient Ge’ez script.
  • Ethiopia produced the very first black African to win gold in the Olympics – Abebe Bikila, who won gold at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome.

East Africa
Ethiopia

Major Landmarks in Ethiopia

Kingdom of Aksum

Ethiopia is home to many historically significant monuments and structures and the Kingdom of Aksum is one of them. Aksum was an ancient kingdom centered in Northern Ethiopia and its ruins are still in Ethiopia today, capturing the attention of tourists every year. The Kingdom actively existed from approximately 80 BC to AD 825 and now marks the location of the heart of ancient Ethiopia.

The ruins of the Kingdom of Aksum can be found close to Ethiopia’s northern border. It is claimed that Aksum is where the Ark of the Covenant is being kept. It is also claimed that it is home to the Queen of Sheba.

Lalibela

Lalibela is an ancient town in Ethiopia that is revered for shedding light on the medieval and post-medieval civilization of Ethiopia. The town is known for having so many rock-cut monolithic churches and man Christians regard it to be one of Ethiopia’s holiest cities.

The town of Lalibela is located in the Lasta Amhara Region of Ethiopia and is said to date back to the time of the Apostles. The town pulls in so many tourists every year.

Other very important sites in Ethiopia include:

  • Gonder fondly referred to as the Camelot of Africa
  • Bahir Dar
  • Harar, known for its array of markets
  • Addis Ababa

10. Somalia

Facts You Should Know

East Africa
Somalia

Major Landmarks In Somalia

Laas Geel

Laas Geel is a very important collection of cave formations in Somalia. Laas Geel is highly regarded for having some of the earliest known cave paintings of domesticated African wild cattle, aurochs. It is located on the rural outskirts of Hargeisa, in Somaliland, and is believed to be thousands of years old. Some sources say it dates back to somewhere around 18,000 BC or 20,000 years ago.

Cal Madow

The Cal Madow is a mountain range in Somalia that also attracts tourists every year. The range peaks at almost 2,500 meters from the ground and stretches wide from an area between the west of Bosaso to the northwest of Erigavo in Somalia.

Other important sites in Somalia include:

  • Hargeisa National Park
  • Golis Mountains
  • Jilib National Park
  • Iskushuban
  • Kismayo National Park
  • Lamadaya
  • Lag Badana National Park.

11. Comoros

Facts You Should Know

  • Comoros is the only country in the Arab world that is wholly in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • Comoros is the fourth-smallest African nation by area.
  • The name “Comoros” is actually gotten from the Arabic word قمر qamar which translates to “moon”.
  • Comoros is one of the least populous countries in the world with less than 1 million people living in it.
  • It is renowned for its beautiful beaches and has been described as ‘perfect for tourism’

Comoros

Major Landmarks In Comoros

Mount Karthala

Mount Karthala is an active volcano in Comoros. It is also the highest point in the nation of Comoros because it lies about 2,361 meters above sea level thus making it very noticeable. The volcano has been very active since the 19th century and has had as many as 20 eruptions since that time.

The volcano is located on Grande Comore island which is the largest island in the nation of Comoros and has attracted many adventurous hikers & climbers.

Moheli Marine Park

Moheli Marine Park is a Nature preserve in Comoros which is one of the most frequented tourist destinations in the country. Known for its scenic beauty, the Mogeli Marine Park is the first protected area in Comoros.

The Park is renowned for having a large number of coelacanths, a rare kind of fish. The Park which was established on 19h April 2001, is also known to be home to different varieties of sharks and humpback whales.

Other curious places you can visit in Comoros include:

  • Chomoni Beach
  • Grand Mosque du Vendredi
  • Fomboni
  • Anjouan
  • National Museum of Comoros

12. Mauritius

Facts You Should Know

  • In 2019, Mauritius was ranked as the most peaceful African country by the Global Peace Index 2019.
  • In Mauritius, public transportation is free for all students, senior citizens, and the disabled.
  • Universal health care, as well as education up through tertiary level, are provided for free by the government of Mauritius.
  • Mauritius was colonized by three different countries – the Netherlands (1638-1710), France (1715-1810), and Great Britain (1810-1968). However, it gained independence in 1968.
  • The country is one of the most developed economies in Africa.
  • Hinduism is the major religion in Mauritius making it the only African nation with Hinduism as the dominant religion.

Mauritius

Major Landmarks In Mauritius

Aapravasi Ghat

Aapravasi Ghat is a building complex that is held in high esteem in Mauritius because of its historical value. The complex which is located in Port Louis in Mauritius is hailed for being the place where the modern indentured labor diaspora began. This is because the port served as the Immigration Depot where many indentured laborers disembarked and were processed before being sent to work on the sugar estates of Mauritius.

Sources report that from the year 1849 up to the year 1923, more than 500,000 Indian indentured laborers were made to pass through the Immigration Depot so as to be transported to plantations throughout the British Empire of colonial times.

Le Morne Brabant

Le Morne Brabant is a peninsula in Mauritius that has a summit of 556 meters above sea level. The peninsula which s largely surrounded by a lagoon is home to two rare plants, the Mandrinette and the Boucle d’Oreille. It is also one of the most frequented places for tourists in Mauritius.

The peninsula is actually named after the VOC-ship, Brabant that ran aground around that area on 29 December 1783 and it is located at the extreme southwestern tip of Mauritius.

Other places to visit in Mauritius include:

  • Notre Dame Auxiliatrice
  • The Martello Tower Museum
  • Crystal Rock
  • Ganga Talao – Grand Bassin
  • Island Wings Mauritius

13. Seychelles

Facts You Should Know

  • Seychelles was uninhabited before it was encountered by Europeans in the 16th century.
  • Seychelles became the African country with the highest nominal per capita GDP in 2019.
  • Seychelles is the smallest sovereign country in Africa with a population of just a little over 98,000.
  • Seychelles is one of only two countries in Africa, along with Mauritius, to be classified as a high-income economy by the World Bank.
  • Seychelles used to be a hideout for pirates in the 17th century.
  • Seychelles is home to some of the rarest species of birds including the bare-legged Scops Owl.

Seychelles

Major Landmarks In Seychelles

Tempio Hindu

Tempio Hindu is a popular temple in Seychelles built in the shape of a gopuram. The temple which has been meticulously built to catch the eye’s fancy sits on a busy street in the capital city of Victoria.

The temple which is also called Arulmigu Navasakti Vinayagar Temple has some really intricate sculptures on it and some reports show it was built some 240 years after the first Indians reached Seychelles.

Anse Lazio

Anse Lazio is a beach in Seychelles. The beach which is located in the northwest of Praslin Island is considered to be one of the most beautiful beaches in Seychelles. The beach which is bordered by large granite boulders is now one of the most visited places by tourists because of its incredible beauty and eye-catching scenery.

Other great places to visit in Seychelles include:

  • Anse Intendance, Mahé
  • Baie Lazare, Mahé
  • La Digue Island
  • Curieuse Island Day Trip
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14. Réunion

Facts You Should Know

  • Réunion is one of the administrative overseas departments of France so it is a French territory.
  • La Réunion is the biggest island of the Mascarene islands followed by Mauritius and Rodrigues,
  • The country is known for its very beautiful beaches making it a popular tourist destination.
  • Because it belongs to France, Réunion is now part of the EU and the Eurozone.
  • Réunion is also known for having so many waterfalls adding to its tourist attractions.

Reunion

Major Landmarks In Réunion 

Réunion National Park

The Réunion National Park is one of the treasured landmarks in Réunion. The Park was established on 5 March 2007 and now protects Réunion’s mountainous interior – the endemic ecosystems of Les Hauts. The park attracts lots of tourists every year and has become a popular destination for hiking and mountaineering.

Maïdo

Maïdo is a volcanic peak in Réunion. Maïdo sits above the city of Saint Paul and sharply overlooks the caldera “Cirque de Mafate”. It is also the home to the Maïdo atmospheric observatory, an internationally renowned climatological station. Maïdo has become a popular tourist attraction, especially to hikers and climbers.

There are other incredibly beautiful sites for visitors in Réunion including:

  • Cascade Blanche
  • Biberon Falls
  • Piton de la Fournaise
  • Notre-Dame des Laves

15. Mayotte

Facts You Should Know

  • Mayotte is also one of the administrative overseas departments of France so it is a French territory
  • Mayotte is made up of the main island called Grande-Terre (or Maore) and a smaller island called Petite-Terre (or Pamanzi).
  • Even though Mayotte is a department of France, the majority of its citizens do not speak French as a first language. Instead, they speak Shimaore, a Sabaki language.
  • Mayotte is surrounded by a typical tropical coral reef.

Mayotte

Major Landmarks In Mayotte

Mont Choungui

Mont Choungui is a volcanic mountain in Mayotte. It is quite distinctive because of its conical shape. The mountain is the second-highest peak on the island as it rises about 593 meters from the ground.

The area of the mountain has become home to the endemic Robert Mertens’s day geckos as well as island day geckos and Pasteur’s day geckos. It is also a tourist attraction, pulling visitors each year.

N’Gouja beach

N’Gouja beach is a beach in Mayotte renowned for its beauty and serene outlook. It is considered by many to be the most beautiful and best-known of Mayotte. The beach which is located at the extreme south-west of the island in the lagoon has also become one of the most frequented tourist destinations.

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Some of the things people do at the beach include swimming with turtles and observing flying bats and lemurs among other things.

There are other thrilling places you can visit in Mayotte including:

  • Dzaoudzi village
  • The 210 steps of Acoua
  • The fields of the Guerlain plantation
  • The Bouéni peninsula
  • The islet of Saziley

16. Mozambique

Facts You Should Know

  • Mozambique’s annual average GDP growth has been among the world’s highest since 2001.
  • More than 1,200 species of fish have been identified in the coastal waters of Mozambique.
  • Mozambique’s official language is Portuguese but about half the population speaks it mostly as a second language.
  • Some of the best beaches in Africa are found in Mozambique

Maputo Mozambique

Major Landmarks In Mozambique

Gorongosa National Park

Gorongosa National Park is Mozambique’s national park which attracts lots of tourists every year. The park is located at the southern end of the Great African Rift Valley in the heart of central Mozambique and was established as far back as 1960 by the Government of Portugal.

The Island of Mozambique

The Island of Mozambique is Mozambique’s fastest-growing tourist destination because of its rich history. In fact, the Island’s rich history and sandy beaches have made it a UNESCO World Heritage site. Thousands throng its shores every year. It was reportedly founded no later than the fourteenth century.

Other awesome places people visit every year in Mozambique include:

  • Cabeça do Velho
  • Mount Panda
  • Martins Falls
  • Tulua pegmatites

17. Madagascar

Facts You Should Know

  • Madagascar is the world’s second-largest island country after Greenland in Denmark.
  • Madagascar is home to a unique set of wildlife. In fact, over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth.
  • The nation of Madagascar has one of the largest reserves of ilmenite in the world.
  • Madagascar has abolished the death penalty.
  • Madagascar boasts of some truly stunning beaches attracting tourists.

Antananarivo, Capital of Madagascar

Major Landmarks In Madagascar

Rova of Antananarivo

Rova of Antananarivo is an ancient royal palace complex that is held in high esteem in Madagascar because of its rich history. The palace served as the home of the ancient rulers of the Kingdom of Imerina during the 17th and 18th centuries and also served as the home of the rulers of the Kingdom of Madagascar in the 19th century. Today, the complex is one of the most frequented tourists destinations by people who want to understand the history of the people of Mozambique

Royal Hill of Ambohimanga

Royal Hill of Ambohimanga is another site held in very high esteem in Mozambique. Ambohimanga is both a hill and an ancient traditional fortified royal settlement which is often considered to be the most significant symbol of the cultural identity. It consists of a burial site and an ensemble of sacred places that has become a place of worship for many people who come as pilgrims from Madagascar and elsewhere.

Other places of great interest to visit include:

  • Avenue Of The Baobabs
  • Lac Anosy
  • Lac Itasy
  • Nosy Be Island
  • Ile Sainte Marie (Nosy Boraha)

18. Malawi

Facts You Should Know

  • Malawi has been nicknamed “The Warm Heart of Africa” because of the friendliness of its people.
  • Malawi is home to awesome researchers and scientists. In fact, Malawian scientists had the third-largest output in Southern Africa in 2010.
  • Malawi is a landlocked country.

Lilongwe, capital of Malawi

Major Landmarks In Malawi

Lake Malawi National Park

Lake Malawi National Park is one of the most popular places to visit in Malawi. The Park is located at the southern end of Lake Malawi and is on record to be the only national park that was created for the sole purpose of protecting fish and aquatic habitats. The park was established on November 24, 1980, and inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. It pulls in so many tourists every year.

Chongoni Rock Art Area

Chongoni Rock Art Area is a collection of forested hills of the Malawi plateau that is revered in Malawi. The Chongoni Rock Art Area is truly stunning because it has depictions of some rock art and paintings of the farmer community dating as far back as the Stone Age and the Iron Age period. It is located in the Central Region of Malawi and consist of about 127 sites. In 2006, the area was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Other places to visit in Malawi include:

  • Zomba Masif
  • Liwonde National Park
  • Likhubula Falls
  • Mount Lichenya cedar grove

19. Zambia

Facts You Should Know

  • Zambia was named one of the world’s fastest economically reformed countries by the World Bank in 2010.
  • The nation of Zambia currently has one of the largest percentages of Seventh-day Adventist per capita in the world.
  • Zambia is a completely landlocked country.
  • The nation of Zambia is the second-largest copper producer in Africa after DR Congo.

Lusaka, Zambia

Major Landmarks In Zambia

Kalambo Falls

Kalambo Falls is a single-drop waterfall on the border of Zambia and Tanzania. The Falls is really a sight to behold. Kalambo Falls is the second-highest waterfall in Africa after the Tugela Falls in South Africa. The Falls, which was first seen by non-Africans in approximately 1913, is now a major tourist attraction in Zambia.

Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls fondly referred to by residents as ‘The Smoke That Thunders’ or ‘Boiling Water’ is another huge tourist attraction in Zambia. The waterfall is located on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The waterfall is very popular around Africa and is reported to be one of the world’s largest waterfalls.

Other tourist attractions in Zambia include:

  • Livingstone Memorial
  • Batoka Gorge
  • Great Rift Valley
  • Plains and Plateaus

20. Zimbabwe

Facts You Should Know

  • Zimbabwe is the country that has the most official languages in the world. The East African nation has about 16 official languages.
  • Zimbabwe is a landlocked country.
  • Zimbabwe is among the few countries in Africa that are homes to the Big 5 animals – the Elephant, Buffalo, the Lion, Rhinoceros, and Leopard.
  • Zimbabwe is one of the African nations with the highest concentration of rock art.

Harare, Zimbabwe

Major Landmarks In Zimbabwe

The Khami Ruins

The Khami Ruins is a ruined ancient city in Zimbabwe that attracts lots of tourists every year. The ruins of the ancients, which is now a national monument, is located about 22 kilometers west of Bulawayo, in Zimbabwe, and is reported to have once been the capital of the Kalanga Kingdom of Butwa of the Torwa dynasty. The ruins became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.

Ziwa

Ziwa is an archaeological site that is revered in Zimbabwe. The site is located in the Nyanga District of Zimbabwe. The site was declared a national monument in 1946, incredibly contains the remains of late Iron Age agricultural settlement that is reported to date back to the 15th century. Some important aspects of pottery and rock art have been uncovered at the site.

Other important places to visit include:

  • Domboshawa Cave
  • Great Zimbabwe Ruins
  • National Heroes Acre
  • Mashonaland West Provincial Heroes Acre
  • Matobo Rock Art Sites

Where Is The East Of Africa?

Just like the term already suggests, East Africa is made of countries to the east of the African continent. The East African sub-region begins in Tanzania in the south.

It then extends towards the north spreading through the great scrub forest and grasslands of the savannas of Uganda and Kenya before moving across the highlands of Ethiopia, including the Great Rift Valley

Which Country Is The Richest In East Africa?

Going by GPD per capita, Seychelles tops the list of ‘wealthy East African nations’. In fact, with a per capita GDP of $28,712, Seychelles takes number two in the entire African continent.

However, it is noteworthy that income inequality remains a problem in the East African country.

How Safe is East Africa?

East Africa is generally a safe place to be. In fact, some of the safest places on the African continent are in East Africa including Mauritius which has been described as the most peaceful place in Africa.

Truth is, there are East African nations that are quite troublesome but most places in that region are extremely safe.

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