Hitler was one of the most notorious dictators in history who ruled Nazi Germany from 1934 till 1945. He was an Austrian native who moved to Munich at the onset of the 1st world war and was accepted into the German Army in August 1914 after his enlistment.
His dictatorship gave rise to policies that triggered the 2nd World War and the brutal murder of over 11 million people, which consisted of the Jews, the retarded, homosexual, Christians, communists, and Sinti gypsies. Hitler’s fascist regime was brought to an end when he committed suicide towards the end of the war. His ultimate defeat marked the end of fascism, as well as Germany’s dominance in Europe.
Early Life of Hitler And His Sojourn Into The Military
Hitler was born in a town in present-day Hungary (Austria-Hungary) called Braunau am Inn, nearer to the German Empire border. His date of birth was April 20, 1889, after which he was christened Adolphus Hitler by his dad, Alois Hitler, and his third wife, Klara Polzi. Hitler’s parents had six children in all, but unfortunately, three of them namely Ida, Gustav, and Otto – died in infancy. He was the 4th child of the family but had two step-siblings from his father’s second marriage also living in the household; they were Angela (b. 1883) and Alois Jr. (b. 1882).
His family relocated to Passau, Germany when the young Hitler just clocked three, and there in Passau, he encountered no difficulty in imbibing the distinguishing lower Bavarian dialect, instead of Austrian German, which was how he spoke throughout his life. However, in 1894, his family went back home to their native Austria and settled in Leonding. June 1895 marked his father’s retirement to Hafeld, very close to Lambach, where he engaged in farming and beekeeping.
His Childhood Was Marked With Clashes With His Father and Other Authority Figures
Hitler went to a public primary school called Volksschule, very close to Fischlham. The family’s relocation to Hafeld coincided with the commencement of very severe father-son disagreement as Hitler bluntly repudiated the strict discipline in his school. His non-conformity led to his being beaten up by his father, though his mother showed him some solidarity by trying to protect him. When his dad’s farming endeavor turned out as an effort in futility, the family had to relocate again, but this time to Lambach.
At age eight, Hitler engaged in singing lessons, participated in the church choir, and at a point in his life, he contemplated becoming a priest. Along with his family, he returned permanently to Leonding in 1898, where he had a great shock from the death of Edmund – his younger brother, who died from measles, in 1900. Thus, Hitler made a complete reverse from a self-assured, sociable, meticulous student to a miserable, isolated boy who continually battled both his teachers and father.
His dad wanted the young Hitler to follow in his footsteps after he became successful as a staff of the customs bureau, but this was met with even more resistance from Hitler, who also rebelled against being sent off to the Realschule in Linz in September 1900. Rather, his wish was to end up as an artist after attending a classical high school. Following the demise of his father on the 3rd of January 1903, his mom withdrew him from school after the further deterioration of his academic performance. Both his performance and behavior improved when he joined the Realschule, Steyr, in September 1904.
At the age of 18, Hitler lost his mother to breast cancer. Without both parents and cash strapped, he began living in shelter homes and dormitories around Vienna. This rough patch proved to be perhaps the most critical point in his formative years as he had his first encounters with racist ideologies. He made ends meet as a casual laborer and by painting. He still harbored dreams of pursuing a career as an artist and spent his spare income attending shows.
Disgusted at the multi-ethnic inclination of Austria’s ruling Habsburg Empire, he moved to Munich in 1913 and enlisted into the Bavarian Army at the outbreak of World War I
Hitler Joined The Nazi Party And Rose Through The Ranks To Become Its Top Man
At the end of the War, and on the back of two medals obtained for bravery at the frontlines, he returned to Munich in 1919, and the Army posted him as an intelligence officer attached to an emerging far-right party, the German Workers’ Party, which would later morph into the Nazi Party. The party and its racist, anti-semitic, nationalist, anti-capitalist, and anti-Marxist leanings appealed to Hitler.
In no time, the party hierarchy was taking note of him, and he soon left the army on March 31, 1920, and joined the party full time. Under the tutelage of party stalwart Dietrich Eckart, Hitler became more influential within the party, and in February 1921, he delivered a highly charged speech before a crowd of nearly 6,000 in Munich.
Following an internal power tussle, Hitler resigned; after the party realized his growing influence was going to be crucial to the future of the party, he was coerced to rejoin on the condition he became the leader of the party. In November 1923, Hitler attempted to overthrow the government of Prime Minister Gustav Kahr, thus leading 3,000 men onto the streets. The police arrested him and subsequently sentenced him to five years imprisonment for treason.
While in detention, he began writing his autobiography, Mein Kampf, which turned out to be one of the most dangerous books in European history. Published in 1926, Mein Kampf outlined the core centerpieces of his political views. It outlines his ideas about Nazi control – military expansion, elimination of “impure” races, and dictatorial authoritarianism.
After his release from prison, Hitler reorganized the Nazi Party and sought to participate in electoral politics, wooing alienated and fresh voters. The party’s first shot at the elections ended in defeat in the national parliamentary elections of 1928, with the Nazis winning a dismal 2.6% percent of the vote.
During the great depression of 1930, the political climate seemed ripe for Hitler’s brand of politics. With his party’s national appeal improving, and with political paralysis, and economic impoverishment, Hitler won 37% of the popular vote in the elections of July 1932.
As Chancellor of Germany, He Spearheaded A Genocide Against The Jews And The Second World War
After winning the election, Hitler swung into action, and after political horse-trading and arm-twisting, he persuaded German President, von Hindenburg, to give him the post of Chancellor in January 1933. Next, he amassed more power after he passed the Enabling Act, which technically allowed him to pass laws without Reichstag approval.
In effect, he had become Germany’s ultimate ruler and dictator. All was set for him to implement ideas he had outlined in his book, Mein Kampf. After getting the bulk of the military personnel and civil servants to swear an oath of personal loyalty to him, Hitler embarked on a campaign to exclude Jews and other ‘undesirables’ from public life.
This campaign culminated in the systematic killing of over six million Jews across Germany and the other neighboring countries Hitler invaded during the Second World War. He employed the use of concentration camps, gas chambers, gas vans, and mass shootings between 1941 and 1945. Hitler’s ultimate agenda was to conquer Europe with his philosophy of the racial superiority of Germans.
Hitler’s Demise and End of the Second World War
Around July 1944, with German troops floundering in Soviet Russia and the rising success of the allied troops, Hitler’s conquest was fast losing steam. He committed suicide on April 30, 1945. But before his death, he married his longtime lover, Eva Braun, on the midnight that ushered on April 29, 1945.
After he was informed of the execution of Benito Mussolini – the Italian dictator, Hitler was afraid of being captured by the enemy troops, and thus, committed suicide along with his new wife, barely 24 hours after his nuptials. He met his wife, Eva Braun, in 1929, and they got married on April 29, 1945. It was rumored that he had a daughter, but this was never established.
Following his death, Geli Raubal – his half-niece, who was rumored to have a romantic relationship with him, committed suicide in Hitler’s Munich apartment with his gun. His younger sister, Paula Hitler, who was the last surviving member of the family, died in June 1960.