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Countries in Africa: List of African Countries


Africa is the second largest continent in the world. In terms of land mass, it measures 11,677,239 square miles (30,244,049 square km) and covers 20.4% of the Earth’s land mass. In terms of population, it is still the second most populated continent with 1.033 billion people living on it. There are other credits attributed to the continent which includes being the continent with the largest number of blacks. The exact number of countries in Africa has been disputed especially recently that some territories are getting recognized by some international groups. While some are known to be members of either the African Union, others are recognized by the United Nations as members.

53 countries in Africa belong to both the African Union and United Nations lists. Morocco is an African country that is not recognized as part of the African Union but is an accepted member of the United Nations. Morocco withdrew from the predecessor of African Union: the Organisation of African Union (O.A.U) in 1984 following the approval of the membership of the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic – aka the Western Sahara – a country that Morocco refuses to recognize.

Map of Africa

African Countries: List of Countries in Africa

  1. Algeria
  2. Angola
  3. Benin
  4. Botswana
  5. Burkina Faso
  6. Burundi
  7. Cameroon
  8. Cape Verde
  9. Central African Republic
  10. Chad
  11. Comoros
  12. Congo
  13. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  14. Cote d’Ivoire
  15. Djibouti
  16. Egypt
  17. Equatorial Guinea
  18. Eritrea
  19. Ethiopia
  20. Gabon
  21. Gambia
  22. Ghana
  23. Guinea
  24. Guinea-Bissau
  25. Kenya
  26. Lesotho
  27. Liberia
  28. Libya
  29. Madagascar
  30. Malawi
  31. Mali
  32. Mauritania
  33. Mauritius
  34. Morocco
  35. Mozambique
  36. Namibia
  37. Niger
  38. Nigeria
  39. Rwanda
  40. Sao Tome and Principe
  41. Senegal
  42. Seychelles
  43. Sierra Leone
  44. Somalia
  45. South Africa
  46. Sudan (North)
  47. South Sudan (Rep.)
  48. Swaziland
  49. Tanzania
  50. Togo
  51. Tunisia
  52. Uganda
  53. Zambia
  54. Zimbabwe

There are some other territories in Africa that claim independence as sovereign states but may or may not be recognized. Somaliland one example of such, having declared independence from Somalia in 1991, Somaliland set up an independent government and controlled its territory from its capital located at Hargeisa. However, since its independence which was declared more than 2 decades ago, Somaliland is being treated by many nations and organisations as a country in all but name, but it is not yet recognized as such by the surrounding neighbors.

The same is true for other territories with less de facto claim to nationhood.

The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic provisionally claims the eastern one-half of the Western Sahara. It has an ongoing dispute with Morocco and is recognized by a minority of the world’s nations as an African country.

It is worthy of note that Spain has 3 territories in Africa (Ceuta, Melilla and the Canary Islands).
France has 2 territories in Africa (the islands of Mayotte and Réunion).
Portugal has 1 territory in Africa (Madeira Islands).
The United Kingdom has 1 territory.
(the Atlantic islands of Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan de Cunha)

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