The 20 Most Developed Countries In Africa and Their GDPs

Most people may tend to define the most developed countries in Africa or other parts of the world for that matter, on the basis of infrastructural development or some singled out factors. While such indices are not unimportant, the most important factor brought to bear according to the United Nations Development Program when defining developed countries is the Human Development Index (HDI) which is quantified by the human development of a country according to healthcare, education, and life expectancy.

The HDI is ranked on a scale of 0 to 1.0. Countries with 0.8 to 1.0 are considered to be the ones with the highest human development, while countries of 0.7 to 0.79 are countries with high human development. The medium human development is put on an HDI scale of 0.55 to 0.70, while low human development is those below 0.55.

The four tiers in which the HDI are based, place the most developed countries according to the stability of governments, growing, powerful economies, and high life expectancy. Other things considered are widespread education and healthcare. This means that the least developed countries are unstable governments, lack access to healthcare, and have poor education. Other things that define the poorly developed countries are widespread poverty, low life expectancies, high birth rates, and low-income levels.

All The Top Most Developed Countries In Africa

Africa has a total of 54 countries. Even though the western media have always made it seem as though all of these countries are condemned to the abyss of underdevelopment and poverty, there are a good number across the different subregions that have attained a good developmental stage judging by their HDIs. They also have good economies judging by their GDPs.

1. Seychelles

Most Developed Countries In Africa
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  • GDP: 1.703 billion USD
  • Geo Location: East Africa
  • Population: 98,908
  • Human Development Index: 0.801
  • Life Expectancy: 72.84 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $12,720 US dollars

Topping the list of the most developed countries in Africa is Seychelles. The small country that sleeps on the east of the continent has a human development index of 0.801 which places it on the 62nd spot in the world and the only country in Africa among the highest human development countries in the world.

Located in East Africa, which is also known as the Republic of Seychelles, it got its independence in 1976 and practices a Unitary presidential system of government. It has a population of less than 100 thousand and tops other African countries in the Africa infrastructure development index for 2020.

The country has a life expectancy of over 72 years, making it among the highest on the continent. More so, its GDP has continued to grow consistently over the years s its economy is mainly driven by tourism. With a size of 452 km², the only country smaller than Seychelles in Africa is Mayotte which has a size of 374 km². That said, it is the smallest sovereign country on the continent.

2. Mauritius

  • GDP: $14.05 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: East Africa
  • Population: 1,273,433
  • Human Development Index: 0.796
  • Life expectancy: 75.21 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $10,230 US dollars

With an HDI of 0.796, Mauritius tops other countries in Africa in the high human development range and is the second most developed country on the continent. It has a population of over 1.273 million people, making it one of the smallest with a size of only 2,040 km². The East African country got its independence in 1968 and it practices a unitary parliamentary system of government. It is considered to be the most politically stable country on the continent only after Botswana and Cape Verde.

It has a GDP of 14.05 billion USD, recording a slight dip from the last recorded GDP. Its economy is also driven by tourism. The country’s life expectancy is put at 75.21 years in 2021, which is a 0.2% increase from the life expectancy in the previous year. The system has a robust and working system that provides free universal health care and free education up through the tertiary level. More so, it makes free public transportation available for students, senior citizens, and the disabled. According to the Africa infrastructure development index, Mauritius is among the top countries in Africa as far as infrastructural development is concerned.

3. Algeria

Algeria
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  • GDP: 171.1 billion USD
  • Geo Location: North Africa
  • Population: 44,616,624
  • Human Development Index: 0.759
  • Life expectancy: 77.14 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: 11,720 US dollars

With a population of more than 44.6 million, Algeria has the highest life expectancy of any African country which is put at 77.14 years. Even though its population falls below many other countries on the continent, it is the largest, boasting 2,381,741 km² in size. It got its independence in 1962 and practices a unitary semi-presidential system of government.

It has the strongest military in Africa only after Egypt based on the Military power ranking of 2021, and it has an extensive infrastructural system. The HDI of the country is an impressive 0.759 which makes it one of the most developed countries in Africa. The North African country offers free healthcare to all its poor citizens. Also, the Universities belonging to the State are free of charge for citizens. The country has a GDP of 171.1 billion USD thanks to an economy that is driven by oil. The economy has consistently been on the rise since 2016. With everything seeming to be great for Algeria, its political stability ranking is not among the best on the continent.

4. Tunisia

  • GDP: $44.192 billion
  • Geo Location: North Africa
  • Population: 11,935,766
  • Human Development Index: .739
  • Life expectancy: 76.98 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $3,100 US dollars

Tunisia is another African country that has been noted to be one of the most developed. It has an HDI of 0.739, which means that the country is still in a range of high human development countries. The country has enjoyed stability for a very long time, even though its political stability is not ranked among the topmost.

Like other countries in its sub-region, Tunisia practices the unitary state semi-presidential system of government and it got its independence in 1952. The government of Tunisia invested in infrastructure in the 1990s and is still benefiting from all these investments. Because of this, it is ranked among the 10 best in terms of infrastructural development in Africa.

With a population of close to 12 million and a life expectancy of 76.98 years, it is among the counties with the highest life expectancy on the continent. Tunisia’s size is 163,610 km². The GDP of the country is $44.192 billion and its economy is thriving thanks to tourism and oil among other things.

5. Botswana

  • GDP: 15.78 billion dollars.
  • Geo Location: Southern Africa
  • Population: 2.3 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.728
  • Life Expectancy: 64 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $6,640 US dollars

With a human index score of 0.728, Botswana is among the most developed countries on the African continent. It seats on the Southern part of the continent and even though 70 percent of its territory is made of the Kalahari Desert, the country is able to build a robust economy through tourism, energy, and the financial sector. The country’s GDP is 15.78 billion dollars.

Yet another country in the continent that is respected because of its political stability, Botswana has been recording many infrastructural goals over the years. It got its independence in 1966 and it practices a unitary system of government.

The population of Botswana is put at over 2.3 million while the size of the country is 582,000 km². More so, the life expectancy is put at 64 years, adding a massive 10 years compared to the 54 years expectancy in 2011.

6. Libya

Libya
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  • GDP: 21.8 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: North Africa
  • Population: 6.9 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.708
  • Life Expectancy: 76 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: 3,281 US dollars

Even though Libya has been in political turmoil for a few years now, it is still one of the most developed countries in Africa with an HDI of 0.708 and a population that is estimated at more than 6.9 million while its life expectancy is 76 years, also among the topmost on the continent. It is located on the Nothern subregion of the continent, covering a size of 728,022 square miles making it the third-largest country on the continent. It got its independence in 1947 and now practices the unitary provisional system of government.

Considered as an emerging upper-middle-income economy, Libya has a very good infrastructural system thanks to the many projects embarked upon by the government since the 1970s. As regards its GDP, Libya has 21.8 billion US dollars, which is a fall as a result of the continuous civil war that the country has been grappling with and also as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic that has also affected the economies of all other countries. The economy of the country is mostly championed by petroleum resources as well as its banking system.

7. South Africa

Most Developed Countries In Africa
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  • GDP: $301.92 billion dollars
  • Geo Location: Southern Africa
  • Population: 60 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.705
  • Life Expectancy: 65 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $5,410

South Africa has a very long history of apartheid and racial inequality. However, the country has since looked beyond that to forge one of the most robust economies on the African continent after only Nigeria and Egypt. South Africa got its independence in 1994 and it practices both the presidential and a parliamentary system of government

It also has one of the most advanced infrastructures on the continent. The Southern African country has a population of over 60 million and it is among the 10 biggest countries on the continent with a size of 47,320 square miles.

The HDI of the country is 0.705, which means that it is captured among the African countries with a high development indicator. The life expectancy of the country is put at 65 years. According to Statista, South Africa has the third-best military power on the continent. Its GDP is currently put at $301.92 billion dollars against its $351.43 DDP as of 2019. With that, it has the biggest Gross Domestic Product in Africa after only Nigeria and Egypt. In addition to this, the GDP per capita of the Southern African country is $6,784. The sectors that contribute to the economy of the country include agriculture, construction, mining, and services as well as tourism and utilities.

8. Gabon

Gabon
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  • GDP: 15.59 billion dollars
  • Geo Location: Central Africa
  • Population: 2.2 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.702
  • Life Expectancy: 68 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $6,970 US dollars

A country in the Central African sub-region that got its independence in 1960 from France, Gabon has a population of only 2.2 million while its size is 267,668 km². It got its independence in 1958 and operates a unitary form of government. It is one of the continent’s most developed countries as it has an HDI of 0.702 to put it slightly above Egypt.

The country’s life expectancy is 68 years which is not surprising considering that it has a very good health sector that is adjudged to be among the best in west Africa. Oil revenues make a bigger percentage of the country’s economy while other things such as the transport sector and agriculture also contribute. Nonetheless, mining is the second major contributor after oil. Its current GDP is 15.59 billion dollars and the GDP per capita is 8,840.

9. Egypt

  • GDP: 363 billion dollars
  • Geo Location: North Africa
  • Population: 104 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.7
  • Life Expectancy: 74 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $3000

As far as things such as infrastructural development, military strength, and the economy are concerned, Egypt is one of the leaders on the African continent. Located in North Africa, this country is officially referred to as the Arab Republic of Egypt. Its HDI is 0.7 and the life expectancy of 74 years is also among the highest of the continent like other countries in its sub-region. The Arab Republic of Egypt as it is officially known, got its independence in 1922 and it operates a Unitary semi-presidential system of government.

The population of Egypt is over 104 million, which means that it has the highest population size on the continent only after Nigeria and Ethiopia. More so, it has a size of 1,002,450 km². Only Seychelles has been ranked ahead of Egypt in the 2020 Africa infrastructure development index.

It has the second-highest GDP in Africa after Nigeria with $363 billion US dollars. Unlike most other countries of the world that experienced a drop in their GDP in 2020 following the Covid-19 pandemic, the country experienced a jump from a GDP of $303 billion in 2019. Its GDP per capita is $3058.30 billion US dollars.

10. Morocco

morocco
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  • GDP: $113 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: North Africa
  • Population: 37 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.676
  • Life Expectancy: 76 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $2,980 US dollars

This North African country which is also officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco has a population of around 37 million and its life expectancy is 76 years. It shares borders with the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea and it has a size of 446,550 km². The Kingdom got its independence in 1956 and for its government, it has a Unitary parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy.

The country has many tourist areas, hence tourism is one of the main drivers of its economy. In 2019, it was estimated that the country pulled over 13 million tourists. Agriculture, manufacturing, and infrastructure are also other things that contribute to the economy of the kingdom. It has a liberal economic system and has been rated to have one of the largest economies in Africa by GDP which is put at $113 billion US dollars. It has a medium human development score as its HDI is 0.676.

11. Namibia

  • GDP: $10.7 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: Southern Africa
  • Population: 2.55 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.645
  • Life Expectancy: 63 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: 173343.23 NAD Million

Yet another country in the Southern sub-region of Africa, Namibia has an HDI of 0.645, placing it among the most developed countries on the continent. It has a population of more than 2.55 million while its size is 825,615 km² which makes it next to Nigeria and above Mozambique when it comes to the sizes of the countries of the continent. The life expectancy of the country has been estimated at 63 years. It got its independence in 1990 and it practices a Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential constitutional system of government.

Namibia’s GDP is estimated at $10.7 billion US dollars while the GDP per capita is 5312.95 US dollars. The main drivers of the economy are agriculture, services, and construction. One that is also important to the country is mining, just as it has also played a great role in the entire economy of countries in the Southern African subregion. More so, it is among the countries on the continent that have enjoyed political stability for a long time.

12. Sao Tome Principe

  • GDP: 0.42 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: Central Africa
  • Population: 215 thousand
  • Human Development Index: 0.609
  • Life Expectancy: 68 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $1,950 US dollars

Referred to as São Tomé and Príncipe, this Central African country is an island that is close to the equator. It has a population of only 215 thousand. It is among the smallest countries on the continent only after Seychelles and Mayotte, measuring only 964 km². It has a life expectancy of 68 years which makes it among the countries on the continent that have a good life expectancy. More so, it has an HDI of 0.609.

The country gained its independence in 1975 and it has been adjudged to be one of the most politically stable and peaceful countries on the continent. Nonetheless, it has the smallest GDP on the continent, which is 0.42 billion US dollars and the GDP per capita of the country is $1,315.66 US dollars. The economy of this small nation is built on agriculture thanks to its very rich volcanic soil. As expected of any island, tourism is also another major way that the economy is grown and then there are also foreign investments.

13. Republic of the Congo

Republic of the Congo
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  • GDP: 49.08 Billion US Dollars
  • Geo Location: Centra Africa
  • Population: 5.2 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.61
  • Life Expectancy: 53 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $555 US dollars

The Republic of Congo is a country that is found in the Central African sub-region. It is also known as Congo-Brazaville, the Congo Republic, or sometimes as just Congo. It became a republic in 1958 and today, it has a population of over 5.2 million based on a 2018 estimate. Interestingly, the country has the worse life expectancy for any country in the world. The current expectancy in the Central African Republic is 53 years which is 20 years below the global life expectancy. Covering 905,115 square miles, Congo is the largest country in Africa only after Algeria which has a size of 919,352 square miles.

It ranks among the top developed countries on the continent thanks to its HDI that is put at 0.61, which means it is also among the countries under the medium human development class. Since 1996, the country has suffered from various conflicts up until 2007, and then from 2008 to 2018, it continued to witness some more regional conflicts. In spite of this, the country has still managed to make some important strides in terms of development. More so, it is classed as a very wealthy nation that is blessed with valuable natural resources. The Central African country is considered to be one of the most important countries in the sub-region considering that its political, economic, and social developmental roles extend to its 9 neighboring countries.

The economy of the Republic of the Congo is built around mining because of its abundant natural resources. Agriculture also contributes to the economy. It has a GDP of $49.08 billion us dollars.

14. Eswatini

  • GDP: 3.95 Billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: Southern Africa
  • Population: 1.1 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.61
  • Life Expectancy: 60 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita:

This is a Southern African Country which is also known as the Kingdom of Eswatini or Swaziland. It was in 1968 that the country became an independent state and it is one of the last countries in the world practicing absolute monarchy, and the last in Africa. Since independence, it was known as the Kingdom of Swaziland until 2018 when the name was changed to what it is today.

This country is among the smallest countries on the continent, measuring only 17,364 km² and it has a population of over 1.1 million. The life expectancy here has been put at 64 years. In 2016, it was indicated that the poverty rate for the country was at 72%, noting a decline of more than 10% from 2009.

Among the most developed countries in Africa, the HDI of the kingdom is 0.61. The country gained independence in 1968 and has been able to build a robust economy around agriculture, manufacturing, and other services. Tourism is also central to the economy of the country as it is regarded as one of the top tourist destinations on the continent. Thanks to all these, the country has a GDP of 3.95 Billion US dollars.

15. Ghana

Most Developed Countries In Africa
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  • GDP: $73.594 billion dollars
  • Geo Location: West Africa
  • Population: 30.42 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.611
  • Life Expectancy: 64.42 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $2,230 US dollars

One of the most known countries on the African continent, Ghana lies in West Africa and its capital is Accra. The country has a population of more than 30 million as of 2019. It has a human index of 0.596, earning it a place among the continent’s most developed countries even though it has dropped some points considering that its HDI was 0.611 as of 2019. It is among the counties with Medium Human Development on the continent. Ghana is among the most politically stable countries in Africa.

Formerly known as Gold Coast, Ghana got its independence from Britain in 1957 and then it became a republic in 1960. The most current GDP of the country is $73.594 billion while the GDP Per capita is $2,374. Ghana’s economy is built through the manufacturing sector as well as telecommunication, the financial sector, tourism, and agriculture among other things. While the economy of the country is doing well, the life expectancy is projected by the United Nations to be 64.42 years.

16. Zambia

  • GDP: 19.32 billion dollars
  • Geo Location: East Africa
  • Population: 19 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.591
  • Life Expectancy: 64.19 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $2,000

Formerly known as Northern Rhodesia, Zambia sleeps in the Southern part of Africa. It gained its independence in 1964. The country’s population has now hit almost 19 million and it has a life expectancy of 64.19 years.

It has an HDI of 0.591 which is a jump from its HDI of 0.584 in 2019, pushing it up among the most developed countries in Africa at the moment. Mining is central to the economy of Zambia as well as agriculture, tourism, and energy. It has a GDP of 19.32 billion dollars from the 23.31 billion dollars it had in 2019. The current GDP of Zambia is the worst in over a decade. The GDP per capita of the country is 981 US dollars.

17. Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea
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  • GDP: 10.02 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: Central Africa
  • Population: 1.5 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.588
  • Life Expectancy: 59 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $6,646 US dollars

Equatorial Guinea is a country that is located in the Central sub-region of Africa. It gained its independence from Spain in 1968. By population, this Guinea is a small country with less than 1.5 million people as of 2020. It is also not the biggest in size as it only measures 28,051 km². Its life expectancy of 59 years places it below many other countries on the continent

It falls among the most developed countries in Africa with an HDI rating of 0.588. Based on the ratings, the country is among the countries with medium human development on the continent. What makes it even more interesting is the fact that it was among the least developed countries in the world until 2017 when it graduated and became the only country in Sub-Saharan Africa apart from Botswana to do so.

Initially, the economy of Equatorial Guinea was built around agriculture and the export of some cash crops such as cocoa and coffee. However, with the discovery of oil reserves in the country, crude oil has become the main driver of its economy considering that it is one of the top oil-producing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The GDP of the country is put at 10.02 billion US dollars and its GDP per capita is 8,465.98 US dollars.

18. Kenya

  • GDP: $98.84 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: East Africa
  • Population: 53 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.58
  • Life Expectancy: 66.18 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $1,760 US dollars

Kenya is a country that is located in the Eastern part of Africa. It got its independence in 1964. It currently practices a Unitary presidential system of government. With a size of 580,367 km², the country’s population is over 53 million which makes it one of the most populous countries on the African continent while the life expectancy is 66 years. The HDI of Kenya is 0.58 which means it is also among the medium most developed countries on the African continent. The country is one of the best when it comes to education just as it also has one of the best healthcare systems on the continent as well as in the best in East Africa.

Considered to be one of the world’s leading safari destinations, tourism contributes greatly to the economy of the country. Agriculture is also very central to the economy of Kenya as well as energy and manufacturing. More so, thanks to its very robust educational system, which makes it a haven for educational tourists. The current GDP of the country is put at 98.84 billion dollars while the GDP per capita is $1206.22. The economy of the country is generally considered to be the largest in eastern and central Africa even though it is not the most politically stable country on the continent, judging by its score of -1.19 in the political stability index dating from 1996 to 2019.

19. Angola

Angola
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  • GDP: $64.480 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: Central Africa
  • Population: 31.83 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.57
  • Life Expectancy: 61 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $2,230 US dollars

Sleeping in the Central African sub-region, Angola got its independence from Portugal in 1975 and the country practices the Unitary dominant-party presidential system of government. Based on its size, Angola is one of the biggest countries in Africa, measuring 1,246,700 km² and it has a population of more than 31.83 million, which also places it among the most populous countries on the continent. The life expectancy of Angola is not necessarily among the top, but it is also not the worse. It is put at 61 years.

With an HDI of 0.57, Angola sits as one of the countries in Africa that can be said to have made some serious development strides when compared to others. The country has enjoyed relative political stability as the political stability index score of the country is put at -0.31, making it the 20th most politically stable country in Africa. In the same light, it is not among the frontline countries when it comes to infrastructure as it falls behind many others on the continent.

The economy of Angola is a robust one that is built around its natural resources such as gold, diamond, and copper, as well as oil. Also, agriculture has also been very important to the country’s economy. It has one of the best economies in Africa as it is said to have the fastest-growing economy on the continent since the end of the country’s civil war. It has a GDP of $64.480 billion US dollars.

20. Cameroon

Cameroon
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  • GDP: 39.04 Billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: Central Africa
  • Population: 26 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.56
  • Life Expectancy: 62 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $1,500 US dollars

Cameroon is also one of the very popular countries in the African country. It is located in the Central African sub-region. The country has a population of over 26 million which makes it among the 10 least populated countries on the continent and it has a size of 475,442 km². The life expectancy is not the best on the continent, but it is still good at 62 years.

The country got its independence in 1960 and it practices the Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential system of government. The country has an HDI of 0.56 which makes it the 20th most developed country on the continent. In spite of this, the country is among the countries in Africa that have been ranked lowest in political stability together with others including Burundi, Sudan, DR Congo, Nigeria, Mali, Central African Republic, Somalia, and then Libya.

The GDP of Cameroon is 39.04 Billion US dollars which is a slight drop from its 2019 GDP. The main drivers of the economy of the country are crude oil and agriculture. Apart from these, Cameroon also has some mineral resources including gold which also contributes to the country’s economy.

Somalia Is The Least Developed Country In Africa

While the above countries are seen as the most developed countries in Africa, the least developed are Niger republic which has an HDI of 0.377, Chad with an HDI of 0.401, and South Sudan with an HDI of 0.413.

That said, with a population of over 16 million people, Somalia which is located in East Africa seats as the worst country in terms of development on the continent as it has an HDI of 0.285 falling from its HDI of 0.361 in 2019. This also means that Somalia also doubles as the worst developed country in the world, having suffered violence and insecurity, poverty, and lack of infrastructure for many years. That said, the HDI of Yemen is not listed on the rankings.

Countries With The Largest Economies In Africa

It is worthy of note that while the above countries are the most developed in Africa, they may not necessarily have the largest economies on the continent. In fact, some of the countries that have the most robust economies on the continent find themselves languishing amongst the least developed. Here is a look at some of the countries with the largest economies in Africa currently:

1. Nigeria

  • GDP: 442.98 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: West Africa
  • Population: 200 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.53
  • Life expectancy: 55 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $2,000 US dollars

Nigeria currently has the largest economy in Africa, even though it falls behind the average point of development with an HDI of only 0.53. Once referred to as the giant of Africa, Nigeria is located in the West African subregion of the continent and has a population of more than 200 million. The life expectancy of Nigeria is one of the worst in Africa as it is put at 55 years which is the same as Sierra Leone and Mozambique, and only more than Lesotho which has a life expectancy of 54 years, and the Central African Republic with a life expectancy of 53 years.

Nigeria has a GDP of 442.98 billion, standing very tall when compared to all others. The economy is built around oil and agriculture. However, the most populous black country in the world still wallows in underdevelopment as a result of deep-rooted corruption, failed political class, and insecurity that overwhelms, forcing for a call of a session by different parts of the country.

Among the top five countries with the largest economies in Africa, only Nigeria fails to make it among the top 20 most developed countries on the continent. After Nigeria, other countries are Egypt with a GDP of 361.88 billion dollars, South Africa with 282.59, Algeria with 147.32, Morocco with 112.22, Kenya with 101.05, Ethiopia with 95.59, and Ghana with 67.34 billion dollars all make the list of the countries with the largest economies in Africa. However, they all appear among the most developed countries on the continent also.

2. Tanzania

  • GDP: 64.12 billion US dollars
  • Geo Location: East Africa
  • Population: 58 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.53
  • Life expectancy: 65 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $1,080 US dollars

Tanzania is the next country with a robust economy after the aforementioned. It joins Nigeria to form one of the only two countries among the top 10 with the largest economies on the continent that find themselves languishing below the average development level. Also referred to as the United Republic of Tanzania, it has a GDP of 64.12 billion US dollars which makes it the 9th largest economy in Africa and it has an HDI of 0.53, placing it slightly behind Nigeria as the 25th most developed country on the continent.

Located in East Africa, Tanzania has a population of over 58 million and a life expectancy of 65 years. The economy of the country mainly revolves around agriculture, tourism, and construction.

3. Ivory Coast

  • GDP: $61.502 billion
  • Geo Location: West Africa
  • Population: 25.7 million
  • Human Development Index: 0.52
  • Life Expectancy: 60.19 years
  • Gross National Income per Capita: $5,300 US dollars

The next after Tanzania is Angola which is also on the list, before Ivory Coast. The HDI of Ivory Coast is 0.52 even though its economy is also among the biggest on the continent, with a GDP of $61.502 billion. The country which is also known as Côte d’Ivoire is located in West Africa and it got its independence in 1960.

With a population of over 25 million and a life expectancy of 60.19 years, Ivory Coast’s economy is built around agriculture and trading among other things.

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