Afar tribe

The Afar is an African tribe that largely resides in the Horn of Africa. They are also called the Danakil and Adal ethnic groups. The Afar region cuts across Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti and Eritrea. The Afar tribe are nomadic people and they speak the Afar language. They live in independent small kingdoms, each ruled by its own Sultan.

The Afar people are known as the toughest people in the world. For ages, they have lived in a place called the Magma chamber. This is a part of the earth that is super hot and constantly witnesses volcanic eruptions. There is a random tendency that the land in the location could cleave open at any time. Yet these set of African people have lived, survived and are still surviving there.

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To their rescue however is the salt deposits from receding lakes in the Afar region. The salt there helps  to check volcanic eruptions. Even at that, there is a chance the salt will diminish at some point. Noting this fact, these proudly African people insist on dwelling in this harsh place that they have accepted as home. Whether there is an earthquake coming sooner or later, the Afar tribe is not budging.

The Afar people are believed to have existed from the 13th-century. Very unique is their traditional hairstyles- the dayta hairstyle. The hairdo is styled and maintained by a butter application. The Afar tribe takes root in the cultural heritage of Afro-Asiatic Muslims.

In Ethiopia for instance, they number about 1,276,867 people, of which 105,551 of them are urban inhabitants. With Climate change, the Afar herdsmen face several sensitive challenges. In Djibouti too, they face a scorching environment and drought. Consequently they lose some livestock.

In the same way, the harshness of the Afar region can translate into good. It is a great place to derive geothermal energy.

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