Africa has always been special because of her naturally endowed and mineral rich soils. Just like every other continent, Africa is blessed with tremendous natural resources and minerals, and in unbelievable measures in certain African countries. Africa is home to most of the world’s mineral deposits, thus made room for more African located mineral industries in the world. Africa might be short in so many things but never in terms of mineral resources. Down memory lane, it is obvious that the colonial contact of the West and Africa was based triggered as a result of the mineral wealth of the African soil. In the bid to make better,an age-long exploited society, the governments of most African nations that are blessed with these minerals see the need to use them as a means to salvage their economic situation through mineralization and exports of these elements. In global order, African mineral reserves is top rated for such elements as bauxite, cobalt, diamonds, phosphate rocks, platinum-group metals (PGM), vermiculite, and zirconium. Somehow there has been a general decline in the mining of these minerals in Africa, but that does not in any way play down on the rich mineral deposits of these nations.
Mineral: Uranium, Cement, Gold & Coal
Niger, the home of the world’s largest Uranium underground mine, located in Akokan. Niger has benefited from her trade of raw minerals in the world market but not as much as the level of impact from the export of Uranium. Niger is one of the largest suppliers of Uranium in Africa with a 44% rating; and has about 3 mineral mines. Uranium trade covers 40% of Niger’s exports, thus has a sensitive spot in the nation’s economy. Uranium is a naturally radioactive element used in the manufacture of nuclear weapons with China and Korea as some of the nation’s stakeholders. Niger is also known for other mineral resources like cement, gold and coal. To an alarming rate, the mineral wealth of Niger has attracted many expatriates to the country.
Mineral: Uranium, Lead, Diamond, Zinc, Tantalite, Sulphur, Salt, Copper
Namibia is another strong supplier of Uranium, the 4th largest Uranium supplier in the world. The Chinese largest investment in Africa is arguably their Uranium mining company based in Namibia. The Nuclear power holding is calculated to plausibly produce 15 million pounds of uranium oxide. In the same way other international firms have invested in Namibia’s Uranium deposits basically for energy production. Uranium was discovered in Namib desert, in the Rosiing mountains and its official exploration began in 1960.
3. Democratic Republic of Congo
Mineral: Copper, Diamond, Cobalt, Oil, Gold, Coltan, Tin
DRC is famous for having abundant virgin mineral deposits estimated to the value of $24 trillion. In 1960, DRC mineralization made her one of Africa’s most industrialized nations. In 2010 however, the government suspended all mining activities in order to address the illegal predacity of their treasures while in 2011, the nation was a fertile ground for nearly 2 dozens of foreign mining companies. Other minerals found in this naturally endowed nation are oil, copper (14%), Coltan -70% in global rating; cobalt – largest refinery in the world; gold; and diamonds which is supplied from Africa at a 34% rate after Botswana (35%).
Mineral: Copper, Cobalt, Emerald
Zambia is the number one producer of copper in Africa, with a 77% production rate of refined copper in Africa as at 2005. Together with a slight fraction of DRC, Zambia is the home of the Copperbelt, a region typically known for mass copper production. Zambia has the largest underground mine in Africa with about 10,000 mine workers. On the whole, the mine produces 300,000 tons of copper on annual bases. Other small-scale minerals found in Zambia include cobalt and emerald.
5. South Africa
Mineral: Diamonds, Gold & Others
The mineral industry of South Africa is incredibly diverse and has been a driving force in her economy. The establishment of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange is attributed to the success of the mining sector. With a later eruption of several other minerals aside diamond and gold (both of which are deposited in large amounts), the nation has become an out front spot for mineralization. History has it that the Anglo-Boer War broke out in relation to the discovery of the gold deposits in Witwatersrand. Adding an average 20% to the nation’s GDP, the mineral industry on annual income raises a whooping sum of R550 billion. In South Africa you are sure to find these minerals: copper (19%), Platinum, Vanadium, Uranium, Gold, Diamond, Coal, Chromium, Manganese, Iron Ore, Zirconium, Rutile, Ilmenite, Flourspar,nickel amongst others. South Africa is replete with mineral resources.