All around the world, the Mahatma Gandhi persona has become a sort of radar for freedom and hope for the oppressed. Anti-War Activist, Mahatma Gandhi popularized the idea of (mass) civil disobedience.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Biography
He was born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 2 October 1869 to a Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar – a coastal town on the Kathiawar Peninsula.
His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi served as the diwan (chief minister) of Porbandar state. Karamchand married four wives and Gandhi was the last child of his last wife – Putlibai.
Gandhi’s father had wanted him to become a government minister, so his family encouraged him to enter the legal profession (although he was interested in becoming a doctor). In 1888, Gandhi sailed to London, England, to study law.
He came back to India after his studies but struggled to practice due to his shyness and timidity. His first court case was a disaster, Gandhi was so nervous that he blanked out when the time came for him to cross-examine a witness.
After struggling for a while to work as a lawyer in India, Gandhi decided to go into legal services. He obtained a one-year contract to perform legal services in South Africa and that seems to be one of the greatest decisions he made as regarding his career.
The UK educated attorney led the India independent movement and exported his civil rights vision to South Africa during the Apartheid regime, where he defended the legal rights of Indians in the region for 2 decades.
Gandhi returned to India in 1914 and lived a life of abstinence and spirituality on the periphery of Indian politics. Gandhi is a great support to Britain during the First World War but in 1919, he launched a new satyagraha in protest of Britain’s mandatory military draft of Indians. thousands of Indians answered his call to protest, and by 1920 he was the leader of the Indian movement for independence. He reorganized the Indian National Congress as a political force and launched a massive boycott of British goods, services, and institutions in India.
In 1922, he abruptly called off the satyagraha when violence erupted(was clearly allergic to violence). One month later, he was arrested by the British authorities for sedition, found guilty, and imprisoned.
After his release in 1924, he led an extended fast in protest of Hindu-Muslim violence. A new government came into power in Britain 1945 and negotiations for the country’s independence began. Gandhi wanted a unified India, but the Muslim League, which he gained influence in during the second world war.
After protracted talks, Britain agreed to create the two new independent states of India and Pakistan on August 15, 1947. Gandhi was greatly distressed by the partition, and bloody violence soon broke out between Hindus and Muslims in India.
Gandhi was assassinated in the late afternoon of January 30, 1948, at the age of 78-year by a Hindu fanatic.
On that fateful of his assassination, Gandhi, weakened from repeated fasts, had clung to his two grandnieces as they led him from his living quarters in New Delhi’s Birla House to a prayer meeting, when a Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse, upset at Gandhi’s tolerance of Muslims, knelt before the Mahatma before pulling out a semiautomatic pistol and shooting him three times at point-blank range and he died some minutes later.
He remains the most notable political and spiritual leader in Indian history- a selfless advocate for the plight of the poor, segregation and unjust taxation. As a lover of justice and fairness; and a faith-filled character, Gandhi spared no room for mediocrity, with a subtle but effective stance.
His Family, Wife
Mahatma Gandhi got married to Kasturba Gandhi in 1883 at the age of 13 and they had four sons together; Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas.
Gandhi wasn’t that short, he was 5 ft 6 in tall that is 168 cm and Weighed 50 Kg (109 Pounds). Although his other Body Measurements are not known online, he had Black Color Eye and He was bald headed.
These are some of the thoughtful quotes of the great Indian soul, Mahatma Gandhi:
1. The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.
2. First, they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.
3. Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.
4. Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.
5. You can chain me, you can torture me, you can even destroy this body, but you will never imprison my mind.
6. A leader is useless when he acts against the promptings of his own conscience.
7. The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.
8. It is better to be violent if there is violence in our hearts than to put on the cloak of nonviolence to cover impotence.
9. An error does not become truth by reason of multiplied propagation, nor does truth become error because nobody sees it.
10. Nobody can hurt me without my permission.
11. You must be the change you wish to see in the world.
12. A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history.
13. Fear has its use but cowardice has none.
14. Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.
15. Be the change you want to see in the world.
See Also: By These Quotes, You Know Thomas Sankara
16. A ‘No’ uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a ‘Yes’ merely uttered to please, or worse, to avoid trouble.
17. Hate the sin, love the sinner.
18. God has no religion.
19. Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.
20. To answer brutality with brutality is to admit one’s moral and intellectual bankruptcy and it can only start a vicious cycle.
21. Honest disagreement is often a good sign of progress.
22. Non-violence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man.
Mahatma Gandhi led a simplistic life- ate like a vegan, made his clothes and fasted as a spiritual requisite to win the battle.
Till the Indian independence in 1947, Gandhi was in and out of jail.