Countries that Make Up The African Continent [In Alphabetical Order]


It may sound ridiculous but the truth is that most Africans do not know the number of countries in Africa. In fact, it is always preferable to simply say you don’t know when this question stares you in the face than to embarrass yourself. Here is a nice opportunity that will help you avoid the blushes that usually come with the question, how many countries are in Africa?

Africa is the second biggest and most populous continent of the world. It is also one of the very popular and rich continents of the world. With about 30.2 million sq km, Africa covers about 20.4% of the earths land area and 6% of the earth’s total surface. There are many countries that are claiming to be independent and full-fledged African states but the fact is that not all met the criteria that qualifies them to be recognized as an African country. This article is meant to acquaint you with the number and names of all the African countries.

Africa is made up of 54 fully recognized sovereign states (countries), ten territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The 54 are referred to as “recognized states” because they are member states of the African Union (AU). The next 2 are called “de facto states” because by structure and government, they can be called a country but they are not recognized as they do not belong to the AU. The remaining 10 are just territories or regions that are either owned or governed by other non-African countries.

Read also: This is the True Size of Africa- You’ve Been Wrong All Along

Names of the 54 Independent African Countries in Alphabetical Order:

  1. Algeria
  2. Angola
  3. Benin
  4. Botswana
  5. Burkina Faso
  6. Burundi
  7. Cameroon
  8. Cape Verde
  9. Central African Republic
  10. Chad
  11. Comoros
  12. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  13. Republic of the Congo
  14. Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
  15. Djibouti
  16. Egypt
  17. Equatorial Guinea
  18. Eritrea
  19. Ethiopia
  20. Gabon
  21. Gambia
  22. Ghana
  23. Guinea
  24. Guinea-Bissau
  25. Kenya
  26. Lesotho
  27. Liberia
  28. Libya
  29. Madagascar
  30. Malawi
  31.  Mali
  32. Mauritania
  33. Mauritius
  34. Morocco
  35. Mozambique
  36. Namibia
  37. Niger
  38. Nigeria
  39. Rwanda
  40. São Tomé and Principe
  41.  Senegal
  42. Seychelles
  43. Sierra Leone
  44. Somalia
  45. South Africa
  46. Sudan (North)
  47. South Sudan (Rep.)
  48. Swaziland
  49. Tanzania
  50. Togo
  51.  Tunisia
  52. Uganda
  53. Zambia
  54. Zimbabwe

Note: The Sahwari Arab Democratic Republic and the Republic of Somaliland claim to be and are recognized in a few neighboring countries as sovereign states but they are actually de facto states.

See also: 10 Most Beautiful Flags of African Countries

Territories politically administered as external dependencies or as incorporated parts of a primarily non-African state:

1. French Southern Antartica Land.

2. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan de Cuhna, (governed by the UK).

3. Canary Islands.

4. Melila

5. Autonomous city of Ceuta, (nos 3-5 owned by Spain).

6. Autonomous Region of Madeira, (owned by the Portuguese).

7. The Islands of Mayotte.

8. Réunion, (7&8 owned by the French).

9. Plaza de Soberanía.

10. Lampedusa and Lampione.

Read more on: African countries: List of Countries in Africa by population

In conclusion, if we go by the criterion of being member states of the AU, Africa has 54 countries. If the De Facto states are included, our figure becomes 56, then if we are to include all the territories, we’ll say that the African continent is made up of 66 countries.

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