Which is the Largest Country in Africa?



Non-Africans who didn’t study geography in school or are too lazy to look at their maps often ask the unthinkable question: Is Africa a Country? The western media, at the same time have not aided the situation in any way. They portray the entire Africa; a continent with over 50 countries and the second largest continent by land mass and population of over 1 billion people as a country.

Phrases like: “1 in 4 children die of malaria every minute in Africa”, “I just came back from Africa”,  “I am travelling to Africa” or “text 4444 to donate $5 to help save women and children dying in Africa” are very common among various western media and are propagating the wrong perception. So if Africa is a continent, how many countries are it and which is the largest?

Largest Country in Africa After June 2011

Africa is has more than 50 countries which are products of land division and territorial mapping following the era of colonial rule and several after-war deals. Note that the largest country in Africa has recently changed.

Before June 2011, Sudan was the biggest African country however, since South Sudan declared their independence (from the Northern part of Sudan) in June 2011, the title has gone to Algeria.

Algeria has a land mass of 2,381, 740 sqkm, while the second largest country – The Democratic Republic of the Congo has a land mass of 2,344,858 km2



Largest Country in Africa Before June 2011

Among the list of largest countries in Africa, Sudan is right at the number one spot with an area of 2,505,813 sqkm. Algeria is right next after Sudan while the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) is the third largest country in Africa. If the Democratic Republic of Congo was united, it would be the Africa’s largest country.

The title and glory of Sudan does not just end here. Sudan is also recognized as the largest Arab country in the world as well as the 10th largest country in the World overall however, Sudan is almost always in distress and there is always a fresh wave of violence brewing within the shores of the largest country in Africa. Different factions are set against one another in political and economic turmoil.

Due to this huge land mass, Sudan is bordered by 9 countries which include the Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Chad Republic, Ethiopia, Kenya, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya and Uganda and it is served by the longest river system in the World.

The Nile flows right through the entire length of the country, with its two main tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile, joining up close to the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.

Country Area in Sq. km Area in Sq. Miles
Algeria
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Sudan
Libya
Chad
Niger
Angola
Mali
South Africa
Ethiopia
23,81,741
23,44,858
18,61,484
17,59,540
12,84,000
12,67,000
12,46,700
12,40,192
12,19,090
11,04,300
9,19,595
9,05,355
7,18,723
6,79,362
4,95,755
4,89,191
4,81,354
4,78,841
4,70,693
4,26,373

We hope this answers your question