The world-famous River Nile is the longest river in the world cutting across several African countries in central and North Africa. Whether by length or by width, Africa has a couple of water bodies to represent her in each regard. While Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest, the Nile river is the longest; both water-bodies seem to have more in common than we know, for one it is strongly speculated that the Lake Victoria is the source of the Nile river. From Biblical references, it is glaring that the Nile had existed from time immemorial, right from creation, with strong affiliations to Egypt. It is arguable though that the Nile river started from Jinja in Uganda. There has not been a conclusive detail about the starting point of the river. However it runs for as long as from lower parts of Egypt , to Northeast/Central Africa, up into the Mediterranean sea. River Nile is the most famous River in Africa.
The most famous River Nile is not strictly defined by a particular geographical space, since it lies across several African nations. From the northeast, the lower parts of Egypt, it flows through the deserts and into the Mediterranean Sea. With a length of 6,853 km, it has become the longest river in the world. River Nile serves as Egypt’s major water source and flows all year round. At Khartoum, the Nile separates into 2 different major water courses- the White Nile and Blue Nile. The Nile river runs through 4 African cities- Cairo, Jinja, Khartoum and Juba but generally lies across 11 African Countries- Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Kenya,Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.
The water basin is 3,400,000 km2, with a width of 2.8 km. Depending on the area and feeder course, the Nile is home to crocodiles, hippos and fishes. The Nile has also made possible the erection of the 364 ft tall Aswan Dam; while the Nile delta is measured to be around 100-160 km and runs through a distance of 149 miles.
Aside the significant purpose of being a vital source of food and water for the ancient Egyptian people; the legendary river played a role in the spirituality and development of the revered Egyptian civilization. On the domestic aspect, the river sustained both lives, plants and livestock; the lands surrounding the Nile benefits from the river whenever it overflows its banks, thereby making the soil fertile from the silt deposit. By extension, this positive occurrence boosted their commercial status- the fertile land favored the cultivation of their cash crops, which were also traded and transported on the Nile as well. As their trade grew in leaps and bounds, so also was their global recognition as a world power; and their interaction with other prominent civilizations; this in turn translated into a vibrant economy. Spiritually, the Nile is rather known as one of the sacred locations in Egypt as most of the sacred Egyptian monuments are located by the Nile. As stern believers in the concept of afterlife, it is believed that the east location of the Nile is perfect for transporting the dead to eternal life, thus, such monument as temples and tombs of their emperors and deities are situated there, at the banks of the Nile river- “the valley of kings” at Luxor, west of the Nile.
River Nile is a great tourism asset, and as a naturally endowed advantage, serves a purpose in Egypt’s tourism- the route of the Nile takes you through some of the prominent Egyptian monuments, plus the water-body has been explored to suit tourism, thereby accommodating the operation of dhows, cruise ships and boats on the Nile. From the Nile falls in Ethiopia, to all the African countries it lies across, tourists enjoy sightseeing and sailing of the river which is always surrounded by either green vegetation or desserts in cases of the north region- Egypt and Sudan. The Nile is one of Egypt’s tourist attraction on demand.
The State of this famous water body depends on the individual nations that it lies across, but with a particular interest in Egypt, the Nile has been threatened by a number factors in recent times, warranting a possible pollution of this indispensable water source. Currently there is a panic about contracting waterborne disease form this age-old natural wonder, most probably from the industrialization and exploration of the Nile. Coupled with this unpleasant speculation, farmers who benefited from their farms on the delta of the Nile have discovered a high salinity content which is not favorable for their soil and crops on the long run. This tendency has been traced to the contact with the Mediterranean Sea. In any case the Egyptian dam constructions have helped to check erosion as well as provide electricity for the nation. The gentle flowing Nile in Egypt has been a long time source of irrigation, farming and fishing.