Get To Know The Political Term Limits In Various African Countries



Political term limits have caused quite a number of problems in various African countries. Those we have come to know as sit-tight leaders have changed the constitution’s of their countries to allow them to rule for longer.

See Also: Kenya’s Rerun Elections: All The Winners And Losers



Some other leaders have tried and failed to subvert the political term limits in their countries so they can rule for longer. Political term limits can be a serious powder keg issue in African politics and it is good for citizens to know where they stand.

The Political Term Limits For African Countries

Country Head of state/government Political Term Limits
Algeria President Two 5-year terms, since 2016 Constitutional Reform
Angola President Two 5-year terms, since 2010 Constitutional Reform
Benin President Two 5-year terms, since 1990 Constitution
Botswana President Two 5-year terms, since 1966 Constitution
Burkina Faso President Two 5-year terms, since 2002 Constitutional Reform
Burundi President Two 5-year terms, since 2005 Constitutional Reform
Chad President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2005 Constitutional Reform
Cameroon President Unlimited 7-year terms, from 2008 Constitutional Reform
Cape Verde President Two 5-year terms, the third term only after 5 years
Central African Republic President Two 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Reform
Comoros President Unlimited 5-year non-consecutive terms, since 2009 Constitutional Reform
Côte d’Ivoire President Two 5-year terms, since 2000 Constitutional Referendum
Democratic Republic of the Congo President Two 5-year terms, since 2005 Constitutional Referendum
Republic of the Congo President Three 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Referendum
Djibouti President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2010 Constitutional Reform
Egypt President Two 4-year terms, since 2011 Constitutional Referendum
Equatorial Guinea President Two 7-year terms, starting from 2011 Constitutional Reform
Ethiopia President Two 6-year terms, since 1987 Constitutional Reform
Eritrea President Two 5-Year terms, since 1993 Constitutional Reform
Gabon President Unlimited 7-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform
Ghana President Two 4-year terms, since 1992 Constitutional Referendum
Gambia President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 1996 Constitutional Reform
Guinea President Two 5-year terms, since 1996 Constitutional Reform
Guinea-Bissau President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform
Kenya President  Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform
Liberia President Two 6-year terms, since 1986 Constitutional Referendum
Lesotho King No set terms (Hereditary succession)
Libya Presidential Council No set terms (Transitional)
Madagascar President Two 5-year terms, since 1992 Constitutional Referendum
Malawi President Two 5-year terms, since 1995 Constitutional Referendum
Mali President Two 5-year terms, since 1992 Constitutional Referendum
Mauritania President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Referendum
Mauritius President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform
Morocco King No set terms (Hereditary succession)
Mozambique President Two 5-year terms, since 2004 Constitutional Reforms
Namibia President Two 5-year terms, since 1999 Constitutional Reforms
Niger President Two 5-year terms, since 2010 Constitutional Referendum
Nigeria President Two 4-year terms, since 1999 Constitutional Reforms
Rwanda President Two 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Reform (from 2024)
São Tomé and Príncipe President Two 5-year terms, since 2003 Constitution Reforms
Senegal President Two 5-year terms, since 2016 Constitutional Reform
Seychelles President Two 5-year terms, since 2016 Constitutional Reforms
Sierra Leone President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Referendum
Somalia President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Referendum
South Africa President Two 5-year terms, since 1996 Constitutional Referendum
South Sudan President Two 5-year terms, proposed
Sudan President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Reform
Swaziland King No set terms (Hereditary succession)
Tanzania President Two 5-year terms, since 1977 Constitutional Reform
Togo President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2002 Constitutional Reform
Tunisia President Two 5-year terms, since 2014 Constitutional Referendum
Uganda President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2005 Constitutional Reform
Zambia President Two 5-year terms, since 2006 Constitutional Reform
Zimbabwe President Two 5-year terms, since 2013 Constitutional Referendum

 

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