Nigeria Has The Highest Number Of People Engaged In Modern Slavery In Africa, See How Your Country Fairs

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This year, the Global Slavery Index estimates that 45.8 million people are subject to some form of modern slavery in the world today.

Modern slavery can show up in a variety of forms from; unlawful recruitment and use of child soldiers, forced child labor, domestic servitude, forced labor, sex trafficking to debt bondage.

It is basically any act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.

See Also: Are China’s Counterfeit Goods Getting Better Than The Original Products?

Not surprisingly, modern slavery is higher in developing countries, but it must be noted that the ‘developed’ Western world initiated our current form of global capitalism that relies on cheap labor to maximize profit.

This ever increasing need for cheap labor, combined with the desperation of the world’s very poor creates people desperate for any income, even if exploitation is immediately evident.

modern slavery



The Global Slavery Index sheds light on a mix of various factors that make a population vulnerable to modern slavery in a particular country, and then groups the 24 identified measures of vulnerabilities into the following four dimensions;

  • Civil and political protections
  • Social health and economic rights
  • Personal security
  • Refugee populations and conflict

See Also: See Which Countries Made It To The 2016 African Prosperity Index

The Index presents a ranking of 167 countries based on the proportion of the population that is estimated to be in modern slavery and a further ranking of the absolute number of people in modern slavery in the country.

India has the highest number of people in modern slavery worldwide while Nigeria has the highest number of people in modern slavery in Africa and Mauritus has the lowest.

Below is the list of African countries along with their rank on the world’s list, and details on the estimated total number of people who are engaged in modern slavery within their borders;

RANK COUNTRY Estimated percentage of population in modern slavery Estimated number in modern slavery
8 Nigeria 0.481 875,500
9 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1.130 873,100
11 Egypt 0.626 572,900
15 Sudan 1.130 454,700
17 Ethiopia 0.414 411,600
22 Tanzania 0.638 341,400
28 South Africa 0.453 248,700
29 Algeria 0.626 248,300
30 Uganda 0.626 244,400
32 Morocco 0.639 219,700
37 Kenya 0.410 188,800
42 Angola 0.638 159,700
45 Ivory Coast 0.638 144,900
46 South Sudan 1.130 139,400
51 Niger 0.638 127,000
52 Somalia 1.130 121,900
53 Malawi 0.674 116,100
54 Burkina Faso 0.638 115,600
56 Zambia 0.674 109,300
59 Ghana 0.377 103,300
60 Zimbabwe 0.638 99,600
62 Chad 0.638 89,600
63 Tunisia 0.766 85,000
65 Guinea 0.638 80,500
67 Senegal 0.520 78,700
68 Rwanda 0.638 74,100
69 Burundi 0.638 71,400
70 Libya 1.130 70,900
73 Central African Republic 1.130 55,400
78 Togo 0.638 46,600
83 Sierra Leone 0.674 43,500
84 Mauritania 1.058 43,000
89 Eritrea 0.674 35,300
90 Benin 0.295 32,100
92 Republic of the Congo 0.638 29,500
95 Liberia 0.638 28,700
112 Gambia 0.878 17,500
114 Namibia 0.674 16,600
126 Botswana 0.520 11,800
128 Guinea-Bissau 0.620 11,400
144 Gabon 0.295 5,100
153 Equatorial Guinea 0.295 2,500
155 Cape Verde 0.453 2,400
156 Mauritius 0.165 2,100